Problem III. What should be inserted in the following underlined place. Please choose one which is the best from 1 2 3 4.
Answer : 3. Ashita
Roman Letter : Ashita, eiga wo mi ni ikimasenka.
Meaning : Tomorrow, would like to go watch movie ?
Reason : We choose the third one as the best answer since it is the suitable time marker for future activities. The above sentences is a question for an invitation to do activities in the near future. As we see, the sentence’s pattern is in –masu form. It means that the activities will be executed in near in the future. The –masu form itself is used in a formal expressions.
Answer : 2. Rajio
Roman Letter : Watashi wa itsumo rajio wo kikinagarabenkuoushimasu.
Meaning :I always learn while listening to the radio.
Reason : We choose the second one as the best answer since it is a reasonable item which is used as an object for listening activity. ‘Rajio’ which is spelled as radio in English is the best answer among all the answers which is provided. The first answer is pen, the third one is teburu or table in English and the last one is sutoobu or stove in English.
Answer : 2. Koucha
Roman Letter : Watashi no sukina nomimono wa koucha desu.
Meaning :My favorite drink is tea.
Reason : We choose the second one as the best answer since it is a reasonable item to choose. Since the first one okashi which means cookie, the third option is mikan which means orange is not a drink. And the most impossible answer which cannot be choose is the fourth option which is neko that means cat.
Answer : 1. Nidai
Roman Letter : Watashi wa densha wo nidai motte imasu.
Meaning :I have two cars.
Reason : We choose the first one as the best answer since it is the suitable form of countable nouns for car. The answer is ‘nidai’, which the ‘ni’ part means two and the ‘dai’ part is a countable nouns for cars, bicycles, machines, mechanical devices, household appliances . The second answer is ‘nisatsu’. This answering the ‘satsu’ part is used as a countable nouns for books. The third one which is ‘nihon’ has a ‘hon’ part that is used as a countable nouns for long cyllinder or tube object such as pencils, bottles. The last answer ‘nimai has a part which ‘mai’ that is used as a countable nouns for thin flat objects such as papers, photographs, plates.
Answer : 1. Hosoi
Roman Letter : Kono hosoi jisho wa dare no desuka.
Meaning :Whose thin dictionary is this ?.
Reason : The best answer is the first answer, ‘hosoi’ which means thin. The second one, ‘marui’ which means round, and the third answer mijikai which means short and the last one ‘chiisai’ which means small. Although all of those answers are an adjective that can describe noun, the possible answer which is suitable with the question is the first answer.
Answer : 1. Genki
Roman Letter : Chichi wa kotoshi hachijyussai desuga, genki desu.
Meaning :Eventhough dad this year is 80, (he is) healthy.
Reason : The best answer is the first one, genki which means healthy or in a good shape. The second answer is kekkou which means well enough, the third one sashite is derived from it’s dictionary form ‘sasu’ that means to point, to put up or to raise an umbrella. The last one tsukete is derived from tsukeru which means to wear, to put on. All of the last three answers is not suitable for the best answers.
１． あけて ２．あげて ③．さして ４．つけて
Answer : 3. sashite
Roman Letter : Ame ga futte imasu. Minna kasa wo
Meaning :Rain is falling. Every one is opening (their) umbrella.
Reason : The answer for this question is the third one ‘sashite’ which means to point, to put up or to raise an umbrella. It also means to stab, to pierce, to thrust or to bite. Since the meaning of the other answer is not a suitable one, they cannot be used as an answer. The first one, ‘akete’ which is derived from ‘akeru’ means to open, the second one, ‘agete’ is derived from ‘ageru’ that means to give and the last one ‘tsukete‘ is derived from ‘tsukeru’ which means to turn off.
８． がくせいたちはきょうしつでやまだせんせいににほんごを＿＿＿います。１．ならって ２．つくって ３．おぼえて
Answer : 1. naratte
Roman Letter : Gakuseitachi wa kyoushitsu de yamada sensei ni nihongo
Meaning : Students are learning Japanese Language from Yamada sensei in the classroom.
Reason : The answer for this question is the fourth one ‘naratte’ which means learning. The reason that Japanese is using this word because for an activity that a person do to learn from other person is called ‘narau’. The word ‘benkyou suru’ also means to learn despite the activity is being done by learning with the help of other people or learning it alone. Since the context of the sentence itself is involving a learning process from a teacher to his or her students, ‘narau’ is more appropriate in this sentence.
１． きた ２．しめて ３．はいて ④．かぶって
Answer : 3. kabutte
Roman Letter : Yamada-san wa akai boushi wo
Meaning :Yamada is wearing a red hat.
Reason : The answer for this question is the fourth one ‘kabutte’ which is derived from the dictionary form ‘kaburu’ which means to wear (a hat). The first answer ‘kita’, the second answer ‘shimete’ which is derived from the dictionary form ‘shimeru’ which means to close (a door, a shop) and the third answer ‘haite’ which means to enter (a room) is not suitable as an answer for the question.
1. ちょうど ②．すぐに ３．まだ ４．だんだん
Answer : 2. Sugu ni
Roman Letter : Yamada-san taitei ofuro ni haitte,
sugu ni nemasu.
Meaning :Yamada always enter the ofuro and then fall asleep.
Reason : The answer for this question is the second one ‘sugu ni’ which means immediately, soon, easily right (near). The other word, choudo which means just, right, exactly. Mada means yet, still, more, besides. The other option which is dandan means gradually, by degrees. In this sentence choudo cannot be used because it means in an instance after Yamada-san entering ofuro he fall asleep and that is not quite make sense still. Because in those two related activities, there must be a slight delay time from the time Yamada-san entering ofuro until he fall asleep.