Part III What should be inserted in the underlined part. Please choose one of the best from 1 2 3 4.
1．まいしゅう ２．まいあさ ３．まいにち ４．まいとし
Answer : 1
Romaji: Watashi (maishuu) nichiyoubi ni
toshokan e ikimasu.
Meaning : I go to the library in Sunday every week.
The right answer is the first option, every week (maishuu) is the proper one since the answer correlate on to a day name which is Sunday (nichiyoubi) in this question. So, overall maishuu nichiyoubi means every week at Sunday. The second option, maiasa which means every morning is not quite appropriate. The third option, mainichi means every day, is awkward to combined with Sunday, a specific day name, which is not appropriate. The fourth one which means every year is also not suitable to be combinedwith day name.
１．はちじっさつ 2．はちじゅうえん ３．はちじっぽん ４．はちじゅうだい
Answer : 2
Romaji:Kono okashi wa ikura desuka.
Meaning : How much is this cookie.
The first option hachijissatsu which is stating a number followed by a suffix –satsu, means that there are 80 of the bound object such as book, magazines, etc. It is a countable noun –satsu which is used to count that bound object. So, basically the answer is not suitable with the question for the first option. The third option hachijippon is alsostating that there are 80 of the long, cylindrical object such as pen, pencils and isn’t suitable also for the question. The fourth option, hachijyuudai is also looks alike with the first and the third options. The difference is this is a pattern for counting big or large item’s such as vehicle, machine, car, motorcycle. It is stating that there are 80 of that kind of items. On the other hand, the second option which is spelled hachijyuuen means 80 yen. It is an appropriate answer for a question which is asking the price of a certain item such as cookie.
１．オートバイ ２．テニス ３．スリッパ 4．ギター
Answer : 4
Romaji:Yasumi no hi wa ikutsu mo uchi de (gitaa) wo hikimasu.
Meaning :At holiday I play guitar so many times.
The appropriate answer is certainly the fourth option since hiku, one of the meaning is to play (piano, guitar). The first option is ootobai or autobike, the second option is tenisu or tenis and the third option is surippa or slippers.
１．ちょっと ２．だんだん ３．まっすぐ 4．ちょうど
Answer : 4
Romaji: Jyugyou wa (choudo) sanji ni owarimashita.
Meaning :Class is finished at three o’clock sharp.
The exact usage is ‘choudo’as the best answer. It means exactly at. The first option chotto. The first option, chotto is also quite awkward to be used as answer for the question. It is used to describe an activity or a condition which is going to be happen in just a little or in a short moment. It is not suitable to be the answer. The second option, dandan means gradually or slowly change of a certain condition or activity. It cannot be used to express a punctual time. The third option, massugu means straight, right away to describe a certain activity or condition which is changed an instance, at that time.
１．さむく ２．すずしく 3．あたたかく ４．あかく
Answer : 3
Romaji: Kono seetaa wa usui node, amari (atatakaku) nai desu.
Meaning : Because this sweater is so thin, it doesn’t feel too warm.
All of the answer is an adjective and all of them are keiyoushi –i type adjective. To make a keiyoushi or –i type adjective in to a negative form, the correct pattern is shown below :
形容詞 ＋ い＋くない
i ＋ kunai
–i type adjective＋
i ＋ kunai
But the only reasonable answer is in the third option. The speaker’s wish is to get warm by wearing the sweater but since the sweater is too thin, it is not enough to get warmed. The first one is ‘samuku’ which is derived from samui or cold and is not reasonable to be used as an answer. The second answer is also not reasonable to be used as an answer since it is derived from suzushii which means cool, refresh. The fourth answer is also cannot be used since ‘akai’ which is the root form of ‘akaku’ means red.
１．たかかった ２．あぶなかった ３．おもかった 4．いそがしかった
Answer : 4
Romaji: Kinou wa, asa kara ban made souji ya sentaku de (isogashikatta) desu.
Meaning : Yesterday, from morning until night (I) was very busy cleaning, washing.
All of the answer are adjectives. And all of those adjectives are keiyoushi or –i type adjective. All of them are also in the same form, the past form. Below is shown the right pattern to make an adjective into a past form :
形容詞 ＋ い ＋ かった
けいようし＋ い ＋ かった
Keiyoushi ＋ い ＋ かった
–i type adjective ＋ い ＋ かった
The first option takakatta is derived from takai which means was tall or was expensive which is nothing to do with doing chores. The second option abunakatta is derived from abunai which means was dangerous and is not proper to fill the question as the answer since doing chores normally isn’t suppose to be dangerous. And the third option is omokatta which means was heavy, it is also not suitable to be used as the answer. The last option is the right answer which is isogashikatta that means was busy was the right answer since all of the chores such as cleaning and washing takes from morning until night to get it finished.
１．やんで ２．ふって 3．ふいて ４．とまって
Answer : 3
Romaji:Kyou wa kaze ga tsuyoku (fuite) imasu.
Meaning : Today the wind is strongly blowing.
The right answer is in the third option, fuite which is derived from fuku and it means to blow such as wind or an instruments which is played by blowing it. The first one is ‘yande’which can be derived from ‘yamu’which means to stop, to end or to cease. The second option is ‘futte’ which is derived from ‘furu’ and it means to drop or to fall such as the rain fall. The fourth option is ‘tomatte’which is derived from ‘tomaru’and it means to stop or to stay overnight depends on the kanji.
1．かいて 2．おいて ３．はいって ４．すわって
Answer : 2
Romaji:Nimotsu wa soko ni (oite) kudasai.
Meaning :Please put the luggage over there.
The right answer is the second answer. The first option ‘kaite’ which is derived from ‘kaku’ is awkward since it means to write. The third option ‘haitte’which is derived from ‘hairu’ is also inappropriate since the meaning is to enter. The fourth option is ‘suwatte’ which is derived from suwaru is also not a suitable option since the meaning is to sit.
１．ぬぎに ２．よびに ３．ききに 4．かいに
Answer : 4
Romaji: chichi wa ima, shinbun wo (kai ni) itte imasu.
Meaning :My father, right now is going to buy a newspaper.
There are a certain pattern which means to go and do something.
ます 形 )＋ に＋ いく
ます けい）＋ に＋ いく
masu kei）＋ni ＋ iku
masu form)＋ni ＋ iku
Part of the answer and also the question :
かい ＋ に ＋ いっています。
The answer part, かい is derived from かう which means to buy. It is a –masu form which the –masu part is erased. So, kaimasu is being modified as kai. The meaning is to go and buy. But there is another form which needs to get an attention. It is －て いるwhich means currently is doing something as shown below :
動詞 （－て 形） ＋ いる
どうし （－て けい）＋ いる
We have some part of sentence in the question as shown below :
… itte imasu.
The meaning is currently going.
The form –te iru means currently doing something. As we see from above, the last part is いっています or ‘-itte imasu’ which is comply to the –the iru form. So, the last part means is currently going. いっています means is going at that time, so the overall meaning is currently going at the time to buy.