JLPT – 1991 – Yonkyuu – Dokkai Bunpou – Part 1 – Answer Sheet

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問題用紙

1991 4級

読解・文法

(200点50分)

問題I___のところになにをいれますか。1234からいちばんいいものをひとつえらびなさい。

Part I What should be inserted in the underlined part. Please choose the best one from 1 2 3 4.

1. わたしたちは えきまで バス______行きましょう。

1.を 2.に 3.が 4.で

· Answer: 4

· Hiragana : Watashitachi wa eki made basu (de) ikimashou.

· Meaning : Let’s (us) go to the train station by bus.

 

This sentence is using as a particle which indicates means, method or instruments. I will be translated into “by”, “with”,”in” or “by means of”.

Form sentence : iku + mashou = ikimashou. It is a volitional form of a sentence to express a will in doing an activity. The activity itself is going by bus to the train station.

 

2.「あなたの かばんは どれですか。」「わたしの かばんは あの くろい____です。」

1. の 2.に 3.か 4.と

· Answer : 1

· Romaji : [Anata no kaban wa dore desuka?]. [Watashi no kaban wa ano

  kuroi(no) desu]

· Meaning : [Which one is your bag?]. [My bag is the black one].

 

The answer is . It is used as a possessive marker which means it is being used to describe an ownership or attribution of a noun. Kuroi (no) desu in this context means the dark one or the bag with a black color. The bag which is being discussed is the bag that the first person asked.

 

3.  わたしは あした かいもの ______行きます。

1.が 2.に 3.を 4.で

· Answer : 2

· Romaji : Watashi wa ashita kaimono (ni) ikimasu.

· Meaning : I am going to shop tomorrow.

4. ゆぶんきょく________どこですか。

1.で 2.が 3.は 4.を

· Answer : 3

· Romaji : Yubinkyoku (wa) doko desuka?

· Meaning : Where is the post office?

We are using particle to indicate topic marker of a sentence, which is in this sentence is the post office that is being asked.

5. わたしは いそがしいから、だれ_____あいません。

1.では 2.へも 3.にも 4.とは

· Answer : 3

· Romaji : Watashi wa isogashiikara, dare (ni mo) aimasen.

· Meaning : I am busy so I am not going to meet anyone.

Particle in this sentence means any or some which is translated into anyone, anybody or someone, somebody when it precedes by だれに. But when is followed by a negative predicate which in this case is あいませんit will be translated as anyone or anybody.

6.「きょうの ごごは どこ_______行きますか。」「はい、だいがくへ行きます。」

1.かへ 2.にも 3.でも 4.へも

· Answer : 4

· Romaji : Kyou no gogo wa doko (e mo) ikimasuka?. Hai, daigaku e ikimasu.

· Meaning : (Do you) going somewhere this afternoon?. Yes, I am going to the

  university.

      Particle in this sentence means any or some which is translated into     anywhere, any place or somewhere, some place when it precedes by どこへ. Particle is used as a particle which indicate a destination of an activity.

7. わたしは きのう こうえん _______しゃしんをとりました。

1.に 2.へ 3.が 4.で

· Answer : 4

· Romaji : Watashi wa kinou kouen de shashin wo torimashita.

· Meaning : I took a picture yesterday at the park.

This question’s answer is the fourth one. Particle itself can be used to indicates the place of action takes place. In this context, the place which takes the activity is in (こうえん read:kouen) or park.

8.  あの 人は どこ ______来ましたか

1.と 2.に 3.を 4.が

· Answer : 2

· Romaji : Ano hito wa doko (ni) kimashitaka

· Meaning : Where is that man come to?

The answer is the second choice. Particle can also be used to indicate a destination, place or location which the person go, come, arrive or get back.

9. きのうの よるは あめ ______つよく ふりましたね。

1.と 2.に 3.を 4.が

· Answer : 4

· Romaji : Kinou no yoru wa ame ga tsuyoku furimashitane.

· Meaning : Yesterday night the rain fell so strong.

In this sentence we use particle to indicate a subject marker. The subject marker in this sentence is rain. We also knew about the topic marker in this sentence is indicated by particle which is ‘kinou no yoru’.

10.ここには なに ______ありません。

1.に 2.も 3.を 4.と

· Answer : 2

· Romaji : Koko ni wa nani mo arimasen.

· Meaning : There is nothing else in here.

This sentence is using nani mo to be the correct answer. It means nothing.

11.まいあさ、学生たちが おおぜい この みち ______とおります。

1.に 2.と 3.で 4.を

· Answer : 4

· Romaji : Mai asa, gakuseitachi ga oozei kono michi wo toorimasu.

· Meaning : Every morning, a lot of students passing this street.

The correct answer is the fourth choice. Particle is a particle which is used to indicate a direct object that is manipulated by the associated verb. The direct object is ‘michi’ and the verb is ‘toorimasu’ which is derived from the dictionary word ‘tooru’.

12.あの みぜには どんな ものが ある _____おしえて ください。

1.も 2.で 3.か 4.と

· Answer : 3

· Romaji : Ano mise ni wa donna mono ga aruka oshiete kudasai.

· Meaning : Please inform what kind of thing that exist in that shop.

The particle is embedded to ある in order to create a question form.

13.わたしは ともだち _____ テニスを します。

1.と 2.を 3.は 4.で

· Answer : 1

· Romaji : Watashi wa tomodachi to tenisu wo shimasu.

· Meaning : I play tenis with my friend.

In this sentence, particle is used as an accompaniment. It is translated into “together, with”. An activity which is done by two person together in the subject context is being connected by particle .

14.せんせいは きょうしつ ______はいりました。

1.に 2.を 3.や 4.で

· Answer : 1

· Romaji : Sensei wa kyoutshisu (ni) hairimashita.

· Meaning : Sensei entered the class rom.

Particle is used in this sentence as a particle which indicates the direction or destination of an action. The action is entering an exact location which is a class.

15.この しごとは 1じかん _______ かかるでしょう。

1.しか 2.ぐらい 3.ながら 4.ごろ

· Answer : 2

· Romaji : Kono shigoto wa ichi jikan gurai kakaru deshou.

· Meaning : This job will take around one hour isn’t it?

In this sentence, the answer will be the second option. It is ぐらい which is used as a time marker that describe an amount interval of time which is needed to do a certain activity.

16.学生は 5人 いますが、ケーキは みっつ ______ ありません。

1.しか 2.など 3.では 4.だけ

· Answer : 1

· Hiragana : がくせいは 5にん いますが、ケーキは みっつ しか ありません。

· Romaji : Gakusei wa gonin imasuga, ke-ki wa mittsu shika arimasen.

· Meaning : There are five students while the cake is only three.

Using しか involves negative emphasizes of the speaker’s feeling that the amount or the number of the item is not enough. It is clear enough from the sentence that the number of cake which is only three is not enough for all of the five students there. Since it is a negative impression, the pattern of the sentence is also in a negative form.

Pattern form : しか + ありません

17.ともだち よる 8じ _______ 来ました。

1.の 2.ごろ 3.や 4.ぐらい

· Answer : 2

· Romaji : Tomodachi yoru hachiji goro kimashita.

· Meaning : A friend came around 8 o’clock night.

In this sentence, the answer will be the second option. It is ごろ which is used to express a certain time around for an exact activity. It is quite different with ぐらい which imply the interval which is needed to do the activity, ごろ is stating the exact time around of the activity that will happen or will be executed.

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