Japanese Language Test JLPT 1999 Answer Sheet 4kyuu Dokkai Bunpou 2

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Japanese Language Test JLPT 1999 Answer Sheet 4kyuu Dokkai Bunpou 2

問題用紙

1999 4級

読解・文法

日本語能力試験

問題II_____のところになにをいれますか。1234からいちばんいいものをひとつえらびなさい

Part II What should be inserted in the underlined part. Please choose one best answer from the option’s answer 1 2 3 4.

1.おんがくを___ながら おちゃを のみます。

Romaji     :ongaku wo (kiki) nagara ocha wo nomimasu.

Meaning    :I drink tea while listening to song.

Answer     :

1.聞く 2.聞き 3.聞いて 4.聞きます

Romaji     :

1.kiku 2.kiki 3.kiite 4.kikimasu

Answer     : 2

The correct answer is in the second option. It is the pattern of Japanese language grammar of ‘nagara’. It is used to express two activities done in the same time. Below is the pattern :

Kanji : 動詞「連用形」 ながら
Hiragana : どうし「れんようけい」 ながら
Romaji : doushi [renyoukei] nagara
Meaning : verb [renyou form] particle nagara

Based on the above example :

Kanji : 聞き ながら
Hiragana : きき ながら
Romaji : kiki nagara
Meaning : hear while

For the full sentence, the meaning become I drink tea while hearing a song.

2.その 子は ゆうべ おふろに____ねました。

Hiragana   : その こは ゆうべ おふろに( 入らなくて)ねました。

Romaji     : sono ko wa yuube ofuro ni (hairanakute) nemashita.

Meaning    : that child last night slept without even (taking a bath) get in for an ofuro (Japanese-bathroom style).

Answer     :

1.入らなく 2.入らないで 3.入らないくて 4.入らなかった

Hiragana   :

1.はいらなく 2.はいらないで 3.はいらないくて  4.はいらなかった。

Romaji     :

1.hairanaku 2.hairanaide 3.hairanaikute  4.hairanakata

Answer     : 3

The answer of this question involves Japanese language pattern on how to connect negative verb pattern with another verb. Below is the pattern used to solve the above question :

Kanji : 入ら くて 寝ました
Hiragana : はいらな >くて ねました
Romaji : haira nai kute nemashita
Meaning : verb「mizen form」 nai kute verb

The above question based on the above pattern can be shown below :

Kanji : 動詞「未然形」 ない くて 動詞
Hiragana : どうし「みぜんけい」 ない くて どうし
Romaji : doushi「mizenkei」 nai kute doushi
Meaning : verb「mizen form」 nai kute verb

The above question is about connecting a negative form verb with another verb. Change the plain form verb or dictionary form verb into mizenkei form add nakute and then connect it with the other verb.

3.おなかが いたくて あさから 何も_____。

Hiragana   :おなかが いたくて あさから なにも(たべていません)。

Romaji     :onaka ga itakute asa kara nani mo (tabete imasen).

Meaning    :my stomach hurt (I) haven’t eat anything since this morning.

Answer     :

1.食べています 2.食べました 3.食べて いません 4.食べないでした

Romaji     :

1.tabeteimasu 2.tabemashita 3.tabete imasen 4.tabenaideshita

Answer     : 3

This is a pattern of using the combination of interrogative pronoun with particle mo (も). It results with verb following Japanese language grammar pattern must be changed into a negative form. Below is the pattern :

Kanji : + 疑問代名詞 + + 動詞「否定形」
Hiragana : + ぎもんだいめいし + + どうし「ひていけい」
Romaji : + gimon daimeishi + mo + doushi [hitei kei]
Meaning : + interrogative pronoun + particle mo + verb [negative form]

In the above question, the interrogative pronoun used is ‘nani’ and it is followed by particle ‘mo’. The verb followed must be in negative form. So, the possible answer based on it will be the third and the fourth option.

But logically according to the sentence given in the question, the correct answer will be in the third option. It is in –te iru form which is used to show an ongoing action. The subject informed that start from this morning until currently in the time being, he or she is not eating anything. So, the usage of the verb in the past form is not suitable since the subject right now when the sentence is stated is still not eating anything. Below is the pattern :

Kanji : + 動詞「連用形」 : 動詞「-て形」 + いる
Hiragana : + どうし「れんようけい」 : どうし「-てけい」 + いる
Romaji : + doushi 「renyoukei」 : doushi –te kei + iru
Meaning : + verb 「renyou form」 : verb –te form + iru pattern

The ongoing action represent with ‘tabete imasen’which means from this morning until currently the time the subject spoken the above sentence in the question which is still in an ongoing situation, the subject has not been eating anything.

4.はなが たくさん さいて にわが_____なりました。

Romaji     : hana ga takusan saite niwa ga (kirei ni) narimashita.

Meaning    : lots of flower are blooming, the garden became lovely.

Answer     :

1.きれいに 2.きれいく 3.きれいで 4.きれいだ

Romaji     :

1.kirei ni 2.kireiku 3.kirei de 4.kirei da

Answer     : 1

The correct answer is in the first option. It is a Japanese language grammar pattern shown as follows :

Kanji

 

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