Japanese Language Proficiency Test Answer Sheet 1997 4kyuu Dokkai Bunpou Part 1

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1997 4級




Problem I What does have to be inserted in the underlined part. Please choose one best answer from the choice 1 2 3 4.

1.どんな りょうり____じょうずですか。

Romaji : Donna ryouri (ga) jyouzu desuka.

Meaning : What kind of food (do you) good at ?

1.が。 2.を 3.に 4.は

 Romaji : 1. ga 2. wo 3. ni 4. wa

Answer : 1

 We are using particle ga in order to indicate the object of adjective of an ability which is じょうず (jouzu) or skillfull in the above question.

2.きのうは びょうき_____ねています。

Romaji : Kinou wa byouki (de) nete imasu.

Meaning : Yesterday I sleep because (I was) sick.

1.が 2.に 3.で 4.から

Romaji : 1. ga 2. ni 3. de 4. kara

Answer : 3

Particle ‘de’ in the above question indicates the reason for something and it can be translated as ‘because of’. So, because the speaker is sick, he or she was sleep yesterday. The reason which is displayed is because the speaker is sick, therefore he or she was asleep.

3.「ビールか ウィスキーを のみますか。」「どちら____あまり のみません。」

Romaji : [Bi-ruka wisuki- wo nomimasuka.] [dochira (mo) amari nomimasen].

Meaning : [Do you drink beer or wishkey.] [I don’t drink any of those].

1.は 2.が 3.を 4.も

Romaji : 1. wa 2. ga 3. wo 4. mo

Answer : 4

Particle も is used as the correct answer because it is showing to accumulate that all nouns mentioned before. It is mentioned in a demonstrative pronoun by joining it with どちら. It can be translated as both of it or both beer or whiskey the speaker doesn’t really drink those as much.

4.子どもの とき、あなたは だれ_____あそびましたか。

Hiragana : こどもの とき、あなたは だれ(と)あそびましたか。

Romaji : Kodomo no toki, anata wa dare (to) asobimashitaka ?

Meaning : With whom did you play when (you were) a child ?

1.が 2.と 3.を 4.に

Romaji : 1. ga 2. to 3. wo 4. ni

Answer: 2

Particle と is used to indicate an activity is done together. It can be transated as “together, with”. So the above question is a question form which is use to ask the subject with whom he did the activity which is playing when he or she was a child.

5.ちかくに ゆびんきょくや ぎんこう_____が あるから、べんりです。
Romaji : Chikaku ni yubinkyokuya ginkou (nado) ga arukara, benri desu.

Meaning : because there is a post office and bank and others, it is convenient.

1.と 2.も 3.など 4.たち

Romaji : 1. to 2. mo 3. nado 4. tachi

Answer : 3

なだ means etc. or so on and it is used as a particle when we want to state other things without having to state all of the things in specific. The above question’s answer is nado to describe there are also other places, location or facilities near the speaker’s home or residence without having to state the others. It is enough by replacing the other place with just using ‘nado’.

6.大きい じしょは 友だちの_____、小さい じしょは わたしのです。
Hiragana : おおきい じしょは ともだちの(で)、ちいさい じしょは わたしのです。

Romaji : Ookii jisho wa tomodachi no (de), chiisai jisho wa watashi no desu.

Meaning : The large dictionary is my friends and on the other hand the small dictionary is mine.

1.と 2.を 3.に 4.で

Romaji : 1. to 2. wo 3. ni 4. de

Answer : 4

The above question’s answer will be in the fourth anssswer which is particle de (で). It is used in order to connect clauses within a sentence.

7.どれ_____あなたの かさですか。

Romaji : Dore (ga) anata no kasa desuka ?

Meaning : Which one is your umbrella ?

1.は 2.が 3.を 4.の

Romaji : 1. wa 2. ga 3. wo 4. No

Answer : 2

The above question’s answer is in the second option. When we want to give an interrogative words in a question generally we use particle が (ga). The interrogative words in the above question is どれ (dore) and it is generally follows by particle が (ga).

8.月よう日_____木よう日に としょかんで べんきょうしました。

Hiragana : げつようび(と)もくようびに としょかんで べんきょうしました。

Romaji: Getsuyoubi (to) mokuyoubi ni toshokan de benkyoushimashita.

Meaning : Monday and Thursday I studied at the library.

1.は 2.も 3.に 4.と

Romaji :

1.wa 2. mo 3. ni 4. to

Answer : 4

The above question uses particle と (to) as the correct answer in the fourth option in order to join nouns which is the name of day. It connects Monday and Friday in the above question.

9.この テストは 50分_____ かかります。
Hiragana : この テストは 50ぷん(ぐらい)かかります。

Romaji : Kono tesuto wa 50pun (gurai) kakarimasu.

Meaning : This test will take for around 50 minutes.

1.ぐらい 2.ごろ 3.しか 4.など

Romaji : 1. gurai 2. goro 3. shika 4.nado

Answer : 1

The answer is in the first option. In order to specify time which is stated to describe period from an activity’s length of time or the quantity of time which is needed for an events or activity to be occurred.

We will give an example on the other option’s usage in a form of sentence as the following :

1. ごろ(goro)
Kanji : ちょうど1じごろに会議を始まります。

Hiragana : ちょうど1じごろにかいぎをはじまります。

Romaji : choudo 1 ji goro ni kaigi wo hajimarimasu.

Meaning : The meeting will start in 1 o’clock sharp.

Kanji : わたしたち4人がいますけどケーキが3つしかありません。

Hiragana : わたしたち4にんがいますけどケーキが3つしかありません。

Romaji : Watashitachi 4nin ga imasu kedo ke-ki ga 3tsu shika arimasen.

Meaning : There are 4 of us but the cake is only 3 left.

Kanji : 鞄の中に本やノートなどがあります。

Hiragana : かばんのなかにほんやノートなどがあります。

Romaji : Kaban no naka ni hon ya no-to nado ga arimasu.

Meaning : There are book, notes and etc. inside the bag.

10.すずきさんは ことし はたち______ なります。

Romaji : Suzuki-san wa kotoshi hatachi (ni) narimasu.

Meaning : Suzuki turns to 20 year old this year.

1.で 2.が 3.を 4.に

Romaji : 1. de 2. ga 3. wo 4. ni

Answer : 4

The correct answer is in the fourth option which is particle に (ni).The particle is used together with verb naru and the verb itself can be translated as ‘to become, to turn into’. When it is combined with particle に (ni), it is referring to a natural change.

11.ひろい みち_____わたる ときは、右と 左を よく 見て ください。

Hiragana : ひろい みち(を)わたる ときは、みぎと ひだりを よく みて ください。

Romaji : Hiroi michi (wo) wataru toki wa, migi to hidari wo yoku mite kudasai.

Meaning : When I across a wide street, please carefully look to the right and to the left.

1.へ 2.に 3.を 4.で

Romaji : 1. he 2. ni 3. wo 4. de

Answer : 3

The right particle is in the third option’s answer. It is obvious to use particle を as the right particle to answer the above question. It indicates the object of an action (direct object). The object is みち (michi) which is translated as road and the action is わたる (wataru) which is translated as to get across.

12.わたしが ほしい ちずは どこ______ありませんでした。

Romaji : Watashi ga hoshii chizu wa doko (nimo) arimasendeshita.

Meaning : I couldn’t find my map that I wished for anywhere.

1.にも 2.へも 3.かに 4.にか

Romaji : 1. nimo 2.e mo 3. kani 4. Nika

Answer : 1

The correct answer is in the first option. It is a combination of particle に and も. Particle に is a particle which can be used to indicate a location or a place but in the above question it is following an interrogative noun どこfor asking a location or a place. When it is combined with particle も becoming どこにも means not even in any place (anywhere).

13.「日本の かたですか。」「いいえ、中国_____来ました。」

Hiragana :「にほんの かたえすか。」「いいえ、ちゅうごく(から)きました。」

Romaji : [Nihon no kata desuka]. [Iie, chugoku (kara) kimashita.]

1.に 2.へ 3.から 4.まで

Romaji : 1. ni 2. he 3. kara 4. made

Answer : 3

The correct answer for the above question is in the third answer. Particle から is used to inform the location or the place where a person came from in the above sentence is China.

14.あした 10時______来て ください。

Hiragana : あした 10じ(ごろ)きてください。

Romaji : Ashita 10ji (goro) kite kudasai.

1.で 2.ごろ 3.ぐらい 4.まで

Romaji : 1. de 2. goro 3. gurai 4. made

Answer : 2

To be able to name a specific time of an event or an exact time we have to use goro. The event which is mentioned in the above question is about a request to come tomorrow from the speaker to the listener.

15.その 友だちが あした ここに 来るか 来ない______わかりません。

Hiragana : その ともだちが あした ここに くるか こない(か)わかりません。

Romaji : Sono tomodachi ga ashita koko ni kuruka konai(ka) wakarimasen.

Meaning : (I) still don’t know whether that friend will or will not come her tomorrow.

1.か 2.を 3.は 4.が

Hiragana : 1. ka 2. wo 3. ha 4. ga

Answer : 1

The correct answer is in the first option. It is used to indicate a choice to choose either one or neither both of it. The speaker in the above question is in doubt about whether he know that his friend will come or not tomorrow.

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