問題 III ＿＿＿＿のところになにをいれますか。１２３４からいちばんいいものをひとつえらびなさい
Part III What does it have to be inserted in the underlined part. Please choose one of the best from 1 2 3 4.
1. どう ２．いつ ３．なぜ ４．だれ
Answer : 1
Romaji : [Ryouri wa (dou) desuka ?]. Tanoshikatta.
Meaning : [How is the cooking ?]. It was enjoyable.
The correct answer is the first one as the appropriate interrogative question. The first one is used to ask about how is the cooking and it match the answer which was enjoyable. The second option is asking about the time of occurrence of an activity which has to be answered with a certain point of time to be a correct answer. The third option is also false since it is used to ask for a reason or cause of an activity. The fourth is also wrong since it is used to ask about someone.
１．どこの ２．どなたが 3．どうして ４．どのぐらい
Answer : 3
Romaji : [(Doushite) shigoto wo yasumimashitaka ?].[Byouki dattakara desu].
Meaning : Why do (you) take a holiday from the work?. It is because I
This question is also focusing on the usage of the appropriate interrogative question. The first option is asking about the place and the second one is asking about someone in a polite form. The fourth one is asking about how long does it take to do an activity or the duration of the activity itself occurred. The suitable answer is the third option since it is used to ask the reason or the cause of the counterpart in the conversation took a holiday from his or her work.
３．「それは＿＿＿＿＿ の 国の きってですか。」
１．なに ２．どれ ３．いつ 4．どこ
Answer : 4
Romaji : [Sore wa (doko) no kuni no kitte desuka]. [Nihon desu].
Meaning : [Where is the country that stamp (come) from?]. [Japan].
The answer of the conversation define the appropriate answer for this question which is the fourth option that relate to a place. All of the options are forms which can be used as a form of interrogative question. The first one is specifically ask about what, the second one is used to ask which one, the third option is used to ask about when.
４．「パーチィーでは どんな＿＿＿＿を のみましたか。」
「ジュースや コーヒを のみました。」
１．ひと ２．こと 3．もの ４．とき
Answer : ４
Romaji : [(Paati de wa) donna (mono) wo nomimashitaka. ?] [Juusu ya koohi wo nomimashita.]
Meaning : What kind of thing did (you) drink at the party ?. (I) drank juice, coffee.
The suitable pronoun used in order to ask the question replacing the drink which is asked in the sentence is in the third option. The first option is used for person, the second option is used for things which is an abstract concept or specifically intangible. The fourth one is for time. Since drink is an item which can be referred as an item that can be seen physically, it is suitable to use the third option.
５．びょうきで きょう いちにち、＿＿＿＿＿たべませんでした。
１．なにに ２．なにか ３．なんで 4．なにも
Answer : ４
Romaji : Byouki de kyou ichinichi, nani mo tabemasendeshita.
Meaning : Because of the sick today all long (I) didn’t eat anything at all.
One of the function of particle もis indicating total negation. It means that
nothing at all was eaten.
１．りんごを ３つを 2．りんごを ３つ 3．りんごが ３つを
Answer : 2
Romaji : Ringo wo mitsu kudasai.
Meaning : Three apple please.
The correct answer will the second one. Since the particle を is used to modify direct object. Besides, the kudasai form is used to ask something which follows the direct object and particle を (wo).
Object ＋ を ＋（３つ） ＋ください
Object ＋ wo ＋ (mitsu) ＋kudasai
Example in the sentence:
りんご ＋ を ＋ ３つ ＋ ください
Ringo ＋ wo ＋ mitsu ＋ kudasai