Using Particle de to describe means used to do something

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Using Particle de to describe means used to do something

Japanese Language Grammar Series

Using Particle ‘de’ to indicate means of doing something or implementing something.

In this article, the Japanese Language Grammar’s focus is on particle ‘de’. There are lots of function which can be performed with particle ‘de’. In this article, there will be a review on another function which can be used by exercising particle ‘de’ in Japanese language and it is described  as follows :

Translation                                          :

1. with + do + verb
2. by + do + verb
3. any other translations which is describing the method, way of doing something or implementing something with a specific tool, means or utility.

The full description of using the above Japanese language grammar pattern using particle ‘de’ can be listed below :

Pattern :

Kanji : 。。。 名詞 動詞 。。。
Hiragana : 。。。 めいし どうし 。。。
Romaji : 。。。 meishi de doushi 。。。
Meaning : 。。。 noun particle de Verb 。。。

For an example :

Kanji : 母は包丁で肉を切ります。
Hiragana : 母はほうちょうでにくをきります。
Romaji : Haha wa houchou de ni niku wo kirimasu.
Meaning : Mom cuts meat with a kitchen knife.

Another  example which can be found in Japanese Language Proficiency Test listed as follows :

Japanese Language Proficiency Test 1991 Dokkai Bunpou Part 1 :

門(1)わたしたちは えきまで バス______行きましょう。

                Hiragana     : わたしたちは えきまで バス( で )いきましょう。

                Romaji         : Watashitachi wa eki made basu (de) ikimashou.

Meaning      : Let’s go through to the train station by bus.

1.を 2.に 3.が 4.で

The correct answer in the above question is in the fourth option’s answer which is the fourth option where in that option located particle ‘de’. It is obviously used to describe an action which is going through to the train station. The particle ‘de’ which is following a noun and in the above example’s context is a bus used to describe that subject used a bus to do something. The subject, we, is using a bus to go through to the train station.

For further information read  JLPT 1991 4kyuu Dokkai Bunpou Part 1’s question sheet and review the answer in JLPT 1991 4kyuu Dokkai Bunpou Part 1’s answer sheet.

 

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