Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –te iru 「-ている」 expressing ongoing action

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Japanese Language Grammar Pattern

–te iru 「-ている」 expressing ongoing action

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –te iru 「-ている」

In this grammar session’s article, the discussion on Japanese language grammar pattern in this article is –te iru (-ている). There are several translation for this Japanese language grammar pattern which is shown below :

Translation :

1. ongoing action
2. repetitive action
3. result of a state

But on this article, the translation which is going to be discussed and given the example for the translation is expressing ‘ongoing action’. Whenever is needed to express an activity or an action which is currently being done or have already been done but it is progressing or it is still happening, this grammar pattern is a perfect choice to be used.

Below is the pattern :

Kanji : +

動詞「連用形」 :

動詞「-て形」

+ いる
Hiragana : +

どうし「れんようけい」:

どうし「-てけい」

+ いる
Romaji : +

doushi 「renyoukei」:

doushi –te kei

+ iru
Meaning : +

verb 「renyou form」:

verb –te form

+ iru pattern

Below is the example in form of a sentence using the above pattern which is expressing an ‘ongoing action’ :

Kanji : あさからもう6時間に買い物しています。
Hiragana : あさからもう6じかんにかいものしています。
Romaji : asa kara mou 6jikan ni kaimono shite imasu.
Meaning : (I, he, she or any subject) (is or are) shopping for 6 hours from this morning.

The above example given an example for the translation of ‘ongoing action’. The subject which is not described in the above example is actually doing the activity or performing an action which is still ongoing. That activity which is actually described in the example is going on for shopping. And that activity itself has been done since morning for 6 hours by the subject. Furthermore, the activity of shopping mentioned in the example is actually still on going or still happening as the subject stated, declared or spoke.

It can be conclude that this pattern is used as an analog to the normal grammar pattern exist or known in English language  as the present progressive or a form for expressing situation using the grammar form of present continuous.

 

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