Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –na keiyoushi with particle de

Posted on

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern

–na keiyoushi 「-な 形容詞」 + particle de 「-で」

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –na keiyoushi + particle de

This Japanese language grammar pattern is used whenever there is a need to create sentence consist of several adjective which is going to be connected with one another. Usually it is used to describe a certain subject, item or a specific matter with several adjectives. So, to describe it with several adjectives which is not contradict one to another, it is the perfect Japanese language grammar pattern.

Below is the pattern :

Kanji : 。。。 形容動詞 。。。
Hiragana : 。。。 けいようどうし 。。。
Romaji : 。。。 keiyoudoushi de 。。。
Meaning : 。。。 -i type adjective particle de 。。。

The example of the given pattern above can be shown in form of a sentence shown below :

Kanji : この学校に日本語の先生が上手で親切です。
Hiragana : このがっこうににほんごのせんせいがじょうずでしんせつです。
Romaji : Kono gakkou ni nihongo no sensei ga jyouzu de shinsetsu desu.
Meaning : In this school, the Japanese language teacher is smart and kind.

As shown in the above context, the sentence was made to express the characteristic owned by the subject or matters discussed in the sentence which is focusing on the Japanese language teacher. Since there are several characteristics used to describe the Japanese language teacher, in the rule of Japanese language grammar pattern, it needs a connector which is represented by particle de in order to connect several adjectives. In the case of connecting –na type adjective (jouzu) with another part of sentence for example another adjective which in this context is another -na type adjective, (shinsetsu) particle de is definitely needed based on the above pattern.

Below is the detail description about the usage of –na type adjective, the connector and the other part which is being connected :

-na adjective connector another part (another -na type adjective)
Kanji : 上手。 親切
Hiragana : じょうず。 しんせつ
Romaji : jyouzu. de Shinsetsu
Meaning : smart. particle de kind-hearted

It is clearly that the -na type adjective in the above example is connected with another -na type adjective using particle de as the connector.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.