Japanese Language Grammar Pattern mae ni

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Japanese Language Grammar Pattern mae ni

Introduction

This article following contains Japanese language grammar pattern. One of the function of that Japanese language grammar pattern is to explain or to describe something happen before another thing. It can also translates as doing something or an activity before doing another thing or another activity. In other words, the activity occurs in a certain sequence.

Grammar Pattern

Below is the Japanese language grammar pattern mae ni :

Kanji : 動詞「辞書刑」 まえに
Hiragana : どうし「じしょけい」 まえに
Romaji : doushi [jisho kei] mae ni
Meaning : verb [dictionary form] mae verb [-masu form]

Example

The example for the above Japanese language grammar pattern exists as follows :

Kanji :

仕事からうちへ変える前に、晩御飯を食べます。

Hiragana :

しごとからうちへかえるまえに、ばんごはんをたべます。

Romaji :

Shigoto kara uchi e kaeru mae niban gohan wo tabemasu.

Meaning :

Before I return back home, I have dinner.

The sentence above explains that there is an activity, task or something is done before performing another activity. The activity in this context is having a dinner. After having a dinner, the subject in the example of the sentence above is returning back home from the office. The sentence containing activity done after is followed by the Japanese language grammar pattern mae ni. That verb in the mentioned sentence before is in the dictionary form.

So, the verb before mae ni in the above Japanese language grammar pattern is in the dictionary form. The verb is ‘kaeru’ and it means return back. So, the dictionary form of that verb is actually ‘kaeru’.  After the verb ‘kaeru’, in order to complete the sentence with the pattern, following the verb is ‘mae ni’ and after that it ends with another clause to complete the sentence. That clause contains another verb describing the activity done before. That activity in the above context is having a dinner.

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