Japanese Language Grammar Pattern Connecting Negative Verb Form with another Verb

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Japanese Language Grammar Pattern Connecting Negative Verb Form with another Verb

This is an article which is used to create sample usage of connector –kute (-くて). This connector is used in several occasions but in this article context,  it is used to connect Japanese verb in a negative form with another verb. Below is the pattern of the context of Japanese Language grammar pattern which is mentioned :

Kanji : 動詞「未然形」 ない くて 動詞
Hiragana : どうし「みぜんけい」 ない くて どうし
Romaji : doushi「mizenkei」 nai kute doushi
Meaning : verb「mizen form」 nai kute verb

Connecting a negative form verb with another verb using the connector‘-kute’is quite simple. Below is the steps to do it :

  1. Just change the plain form verb or dictionary form verb into mizenkei form. For the sake of simplicity, we will generally explain the mizenkei form is a conjugation verb form ends with the vowel ‘-a’.
  2. After that to change it into a negative form, append nai at the end of mizenkei form verb.

  3. Erase the ending –i of nai appended after mizenkei form verb. Add with particle –kute.

  4. And the verb which is made from doing step 1 to 3 is already to be connected it with the other verb.


Based on the above steps and Japanese language pattern, a sentence describing it can be shown in the following example below :

Kanji : 夕べ子供たちが歯を磨かなくてすぐ寝ました。
Hiragana : ゆうべこどもたちがはをみがかなくてすぐねました。
Romaji : yuube kodomotachi ga ha wo miganakanakute sugu nemashita.
Meaning : Last night children went to bed without brushing their teeth.

Based on the above example, it can be summarized as follows :

  1. The verb  ‘migaku’ which can be translated as ‘to brush’.
  2. Change the verb into mizenkei form. So, it will be changed into ‘migaka’.

  3. After that, it can be changed into a negative form by ading ‘nai’ appending it after ‘migaka’.

  4. Erase the ending vowel ‘-i’ and add it with particle -kute so that it will be ready to be connected with another verb.


Below is the table describe it in details based on the above steps retraced :

Kanji : みがか くて 寝ました
Hiragana : みがか くて ねました
Romaji : migaka nai kute nemashita
Meaning : verb「mizen form」 nai kute verb



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