Japanese Language Grammar Pattern taihen to show ‘very’

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This article shows a Japanese language grammar pattern using ‘taihen’ as the vocabulary for describing certain expression. Actually, there are several meaning of ‘taihen’. One of the meaning is ‘very’. The meaning of ‘amari’ itself is ‘very, much’. But in the context of this article, the main purpose is using it and then the following pattern is a negative form or a negative pattern. Although the form is in a positive sentence, the meaning has a negative tone. In the following section, there are the grammar pattern and also examples for using it.

Grammar Pattern

The following is the grammar pattern using the vocabulary ‘taihen’ :

Kanji : 大変 形容詞
Hiragana : たいへん けいようし
Romaji : taihen keiyoushi
Meaning : really, very adjective

As in the above grammar pattern, the example is using an adjective after the vocabulary of ‘taihen’. It is stressing the degree of the adjective. The meaning of the ‘taihen’ vocabulary is ‘very, extremely, enormous’. The following part will show the usage in the form of sentences.



Using the above grammar pattern using ‘taihen’ in each of the sentence for an example. Below is the first sentence :

Kanji :


Hiragana :


Romaji :

Kotoshi no nihongo no nouryoku shiken wa taihen muzukashii desu.

Meaning :

This year’s japanese language ability examination is very difficult.

The above example in a sentence using the grammar pattern ‘taihen’ has a meaning to emphasize the degree of the adjective following ‘taihen’. Although it is a positive form but it has a negative tone in the usage. In the above sentence, it is stressing that the exam is very difficult so it has a negative tone on it for the speaker although it is a positive sentence. Below is another example which is showing the expression in a negative tone or meaning but the form is also in a positive sentence :

Kanji :


Hiragana :


Romaji :

Otousan wa shigoto ga taihen isogashii desu.

Meaning :

My father, his work is very busy.

The above example is also emphasizing the degree of the adjective. It has the meaning of ‘really, extremely, enormous’. The usage of ‘isogashii’ or busy is not just in a normal degree. The vocabulary of ‘taihen’ before the adjective itself is showing that the speaker’s father is very busy. By the meaning of the sentence, it is describing the hardship or the negative tone of the sentence. That tone is a specific tone where the speaker is very busy.

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