Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 7 in Page 74

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 7 in Page 74

Another article related on the part of series discussing on the grammar focus for revealing a reason by creating a sentence with the additional particle ‘kara’. With the interrogative pronoun ‘doushite’ which is used to ask for a specific reason for something happened or something which is being asked.  The Japanese language grammar itself will be used further in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 chapter 9 practice B part 7 in page 74. Before answering the questions given In that part, below are the pattern and also the example given to give a further description about the Japanese language grammar usage :

 

Pattern    :

 

Kanji : 文1 から
Hiragana : ぶん1 から
Romaji : bun 1 kara
Meaning : sentence 1 particle kara

 

Below is the example of how to use those sentence’s pattern :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 6 in Page 74

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 6 in Page 74

This is an article which is actually another part of series of article where the grammar focus is about how to create a sentence with the additional particle ‘kara’. This particle is mainly used to arrange a compound or a complex sentence combining several clauses or sentences. It is used to give a reason in a subjective point of view for an activity or a situation happened. The Japanese language grammar itself will be used further in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 chapter 9 practice B part 5 in page 74. Before answering the questions given In that part, below are the pattern and also the example given to give a further description about the Japanese language grammar usage :

 

Pattern    :

 

Kanji : 文1 から 文2 。。。
Hiragana : ぶん1 から ぶん2 。。。
Romaji : bun 1 kara bun 2 。。。
Meaning : sentence 1 particle kara sentence 2 。。。

 

Below is the example of how to use those sentence’s pattern :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 5 in Page 74

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 5 in Page 74

 

This is an article which is actually another part of series of article written to describe a certain degree of a matter using adverb. In this context,there are several adverbs which can be used to modify or to explain certainlength or degree for certain subject. In terms of Japanese language grammar,it is called fukushi(副詞)or it is called an adverb. It is sometime in several reference, it is called the degree adverb because the main function is to show the certain length or the amount of a certain matter. It is used to solve the problem given in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 chapter 9 practice B part 5 in page 74. The fukushi which is utilized in this article for answering the question given is categorized into two kinds of adverb. There are several types of adverb where one of those are ‘yoku’,’sukoshi’, ‘amari’ and ‘zenzen’ in the context of this article. Each of the adverb has its own rule for them to be used in the sentence.

It is shown as follows :

  1. Adverb with the Positive Verb. The positive verb is actually used in an affirmative Sentence. For an example : yoku, sukoshi.
  2. Adverb with the Negative Verb. For an example : amari, zenzen.

 

Pattern    :

 

Kanji : 。。。 副詞 動詞 。。。
Hiragana : 。。。 ふくし どうし 。。。
Romaji : 。。。 fukushi doushi 。。。
Meaning : 。。。 adverb verb 。。。

 

Below is the example of how to use those adverbs using the above pattern given :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 4 in Page 73

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 4 in Page 73

Another article written in this occasion is focusing on the similar topic with the previous one which is asking on the existence of an item which is being asked in the interrogative pronoun. In this article, the problem is given in form of a question and it need to be answered in two possible outcome. It is whether the item exist or not. So, in order to answer the problem given in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 chapter 9 practice B part 4 in page 73, below is the pattern and also the example given :

 

Pattern    :

 

Kanji : 名詞 ありますか
Hiragana : めいし ありますか
Romaji : meishi ga arimasuka
Meaning : noun particle ga is it there ?

 

For an example :

The answer from the above Japanese language grammar pattern can be in positive or negative tone depends on the keyword given attached to the problem given as part of the problem. In this context, the Japanese langauge grammar pattern used is ‘ga arimasuka’ pointing out question about the existence of an item.  Below is the example of the problem with the possible answer given :

 

Kanji :

刑事さんは 拳銃がありますか。

Positive answer   : 。。。はい、あります。

Negative answer   : 。。。いいえ、ありません。

Hiragana    :

けいじさんは けんじゅうがありますか。

Positive answer   : 。。。はい、あります。

Negative answer   : 。。。いいえ、ありません。

Romaji      :

Keiji-san wa kenjyuu ga arimasuka。

Positive answer   : 。。。Hai、arimasu。

Negative answer   : 。。。Iie、arimasen。

Meaning :

Does the detective has a pistol, handgun ?

Positive answer   : 。。。Yes、(the detective) have。

Negative answer   : 。。。No、(the detective) doesn’t have it。

 

Based on the above question, the two possible outcome which is given above servers as an answer where it is a positive answer or a negative answer.

 

Based on the above pattern and example, below is the question and answer exist in Shin Nihongo no Kiso I chapter 9 practice B part 4 based on the above pattern and example. Below are the answers :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 3 in Page 73

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 3 in Page 73

This is an article written to answer the problem given in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 chapter 9 practice B part 3 in page 73. It consists of several problems where the answers are in the form of conversations. Below is the pattern and also the example given :

 

Pattern    :

 

Kanji : 主語「名詞」 名詞 上手 ですか
Hiragana : しゅご「めいし」 めいし じょうず ですか
Romaji : shugo「meishi」 meishi ga jyouzu desuka
Meaning : subject 「noun」 noun

particle

ga

smart,

good at

suffix -desuka

 

The answer can be in positive or negative tone depends on the keyword given attached to the problem given as part of the problem. Below is the example of the problem with the possible answer given :

 

Kanji :

シュミットさんは 弓道が 上手ですか。

Hiragana    :

シュミットさんは きゅうどうが じょうずですか。

Romaji      :

Shumitto-san wa kyuudou ga jyouzu desuka。

Meaning :

Does Smith good in archery ?.

 

Based on the above question, there is two possible outcome which is given as the answer whether it is a positive answer or a negative answer. So, those two type of answers can be shown in the following :

 

Positive Answer   :

 

Kanji       : はい、上手です。

Hiragana    : はい、じょうずです。

Romaji      : Hai、jyouzu desu.

Meaning     : Yes、He is good.

 

Negative Answer   :

Kanji       : いいえ、上手ではありません。

Hiragana    : いいえ、じょうずではありません。

Romaji      : Iie、jyouzu dewa arimasen.

Meaning     : No、 he is not good (smart).

 

 

Below is the question and answer exist in Shin Nihongo no Kiso I chapter 9 practice B part 3 based on the above pattern and example. Below are the answers :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 2 in Page 73

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 2 in Page 73

Another specific article written to answer problems given in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 chapter 9 practice B part 2 in page 73. Those problems are given to train everyone learning Japanese language to ask what kind of this specifically that he or she likes using interrogative pronoun ‘donna’. The answer will be specifically named thing which he or she like using ‘suki’ described its usage in the previous article. Below is the pattern and the also given example to describe it clearly :

 

Pattern    :

 

Kanji : どんな 名詞 好き ですか
Hiragana : どんな めいし すき ですか
Romaji : donna meishi ga suki desuka
Meaning : what kindof noun

particle

ga

like suffix -desuka

 

The answer is specifically the noun which is asked in the question to describe the one which the other counterpart like. Below is the example :

 

Kanji       :

どんな 日本映画が すきですか。

。。。ちゃんばら映画が 好きです。

Hiragana    :

どんな にほんえいがが すきですか。

。。。ちゃんばらえいがが すきです。

Romaji      :

Donna nihon eiga ga suki desuka。

。。。Chanbara eiga ga suki desu。

Meaning     :

What kind of Japanese movie do you like ?.

。。。I like samurai (swordfight) movie。

 

 

Below is the question and answer exist in Shin Nihongo no Kiso I chapter 9 practice B part 2 based on the above pattern and example. Below are the answers :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 1 in Page 73

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 1 in Page 73

This is specific article for answering problem given in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 chapter 9 practice B part 1 in page 73. This problem is given to train the student giving on answer in form of negative pattern for a certain adjective which is ‘suki’ This is an adjective used for describing the like or for or fond of something. Below is the pattern and also given example to make it clear :

 

Pattern    :

Below is the pattern on asking whether or not someone like or fond of something ?

Kanji : 名詞 好き ですか
Hiragana : めいし すき ですか
Romaji : meishi ga de jyutsugo 「keiyoushi」
Meaning : noun particle ga particle de predicate「adjective」

 

The possible answer which can be written is the positive to agree on the question or the negative one to disagree with it. Below is the pattern :

Positive Answer   :

Kanji       : はい、好きです。

Hiragana    : はい、すきです。

Romaji      : Hai、suki desu.

Meaning     : Yes、I like it.

 

Negative Answer   :

Kanji       : いいえ、好きではありません。

Hiragana    : いいえ、すきではありません。

Romaji      : Iie、suki dewa arimasen.

Meaning     : No、 I don’t like It.

Below is the answer based on the grammar pattern to solve the question and exist in Shin Nihongo no Kiso I chapter 9 practice B part 1 :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 8 Additional Section Part 5 in Page 69

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 8 Additional Section Part 5 in Page 69

This is an article written for discussing on how to answer the problem given in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 book chapter 8 Additional Section Part 5 in page 69. Basically, the problem is given in a form of passage which consist of several sentences. Those sentences must be modified by changing the adjective provided in the bracket which is part of the sentence. As we already know, there are two types of adjective exist in Japanese language. The first part is the -i type adjective which is used to modify or to describe the characteristic of a noun. This type doesn’t need anything to be further modified and it just need to be followed with the noun described. To explain it further, below is the pattern and also the example given :

Kanji 形容詞 名詞
Hiragana けいようし めいし
Romaji keiyoushi meishi
Meaning -i type adjective noun

 

Example :

Kanji            :強い男

Hiragana    :つよいおとこ

Romaji        :tsuyoi otoko

Meaning     :a strong man

The second type is the -na type adjective. This type adjective need an additional -na suffix after before it is attached with the noun described. Below is the pattern :

Kanji 形容詞 名詞
Hiragana けいようし めいし
Romaji keiyoushi na meishi
Meaning -i type adjective -na suffix noun

 

Example     :

 

Kanji            :永遠な誓い

Hiragana    : えいえんなちかい

Romaji        : eien na chikai

Meaning     : an eternal oath (vow)

 

Based on the above pattern and example, below is the passage given as the problem in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 book chapter 8 Additional Section Part 5 in page 69 to be solved with the answer given:

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 8 Additional Section Part 4 in Page 68

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 8 Additional Section Part 4 in Page 68

An article written to answer the problem given in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 book chapter 8 Additional Section Part 4 in page 69. In this article, to answer the question or the problem is very easy. It is done by filling the underlined part of the sentence given as a problem. The underlined part will be filled by an adjective in a negative form. As we already knew that the adjective in Japanese language are divided into two types. The first one is the -i type adjective and the latter is the -na type adjective. To show how to change it into a negative form, below is the pattern and also the example given :

The -i type adjective

Kanji 形容詞 ない です
Hiragana けいようし ない です
Romaji keiyoushi -nai desu
Meaning -i type adjective -nai suffix -desu suffix

 

For example :

Kanji 弱虫 ではありません
Hiragana よわむし ではありません
Romaji yowamushi dewa arimasen
Meaning coward, weakling -dewa arimasen suffix (not)

 

The -na type adjective

Kanji 可笑し くない
Hiragana おかし くない
Romaji okashii kunai
Meaning weird, funny, strange, eccentric not

 

For example :

Kanji 弱虫 ではありません
Hiragana よわむし ではありません
Romaji yowamushi dewa arimasen
Meaning coward, weakling -dewa arimasen suffix (not)

 

Based on the above example given, below are the answers of the problem given in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 book chapter 8 Additional Section Part 4 in page 69 :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 8 Additional Section C Part 3 in Page 67

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 8 Additional Section C Part 3 in Page 67

This is an article specifically written to answer the problem given in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 book chapter 8 Additional Section Part 3 in page 67. In this article, it is specifically written to fill the empty bracket given as part of the problem. As the example shown in the problem to give a clear explanation on how to answer the problem, it is obvious that the main purpose of solving the problem is to have an exercise by finding the right antonym of the adjective given in the problem. After seeing the list of the problems, it seems all of the adjectives are in the form of -i type adjective.

Based on the adjective given which is part of the problem, the empty bracket written beside or after must be filled or must be written with the suitable adjective.  Below the example of answering the problem based on the example which is also given in the problem :

No. Atribute Problem Answer
1. Kanji 早い 遅い
Hiragana はやい おそい
Romaji hayai osoi
Meaning fast slow

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