Japanese Minna no Nihongo Answer Sheet Chapter 18 Section B Part 6 Page 150

Japanese Minna no Nihongo Answer Sheet Chapter 18 Section B Part 6 Page 150

This article is part of series on solving problems exist in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 18 Section B Part 6 in page 150. The Japanese language grammar pattern involved in this part is the grammar pattern of ‘mae ni’. It is used to describe an activity which is done before another activity is carried out. Below is the pattern and also the example for doing it :

Pattern :

Kanji : 文1 文2
Hiragana : ぶん1 まえ ぶん2
Romaji : bun 1 mae ni bun 2
Meaning : sentence 1 previous(before) particle ni sentence 2

 

The above pattern is a pattern for using a Japanese language grammar pattern which is made based on the example given in form of image in the problem given in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 18 Section B Part 6 in page 150 :

Kanji       :

映画を見る前に食事をします。

Hiragana    :

えいがをみるまえにしょくじをします。

Romaji            :

Eiga wo miru mae ni shokuji wo shimasu.

Meaning     :

Before I watch movie I have a meal。

 

Based on the above pattern and also example of the pattern, for defining the sequence of activity done based on the problem given In the form of images, below are the answers given to answer the question exist in Minna no Nihongo 1 book Chapter 18 Section B Part 6 at page 150 :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 7 in Page 74

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 7 in Page 74

Another article related on the part of series discussing on the grammar focus for revealing a reason by creating a sentence with the additional particle ‘kara’. With the interrogative pronoun ‘doushite’ which is used to ask for a specific reason for something happened or something which is being asked.  The Japanese language grammar itself will be used further in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 chapter 9 practice B part 7 in page 74. Before answering the questions given In that part, below are the pattern and also the example given to give a further description about the Japanese language grammar usage :

 

Pattern    :

 

Kanji : 文1 から
Hiragana : ぶん1 から
Romaji : bun 1 kara
Meaning : sentence 1 particle kara

 

Below is the example of how to use those sentence’s pattern :

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Japanese Minna no Nihongo Answer Sheet Chapter 18 Section B Part 5 Page 149

Japanese Minna no Nihongo Answer Sheet Chapter 18 Section B Part 5 Page 149

 

Another article written where the context is about how to solve the problem exist in in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 18 Section B Part 5 in page 150. The Japanese language grammar pattern used is for describing the ability to do something. In this case, it is performed by using ‘koto ga dekimasu’. Below is the pattern and also the example for doing it :

Pattern :

Kanji : 目的語 動詞「辞書-形 こと です
Hiragana : もくてきご どうし「じしょ-けい」 です
Romaji : mokutekigo wo doushi [jisho -kei] ga desu
Meaning : object particle wo verb [dictionary form] particle ga suffix desu

 

The above pattern is a pattern for using a Japanese language grammar pattern which is made based on the question and answer pairs in the problem given in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 18 Section B Part 5 in page 150 :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 6 in Page 74

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 6 in Page 74

This is an article which is actually another part of series of article where the grammar focus is about how to create a sentence with the additional particle ‘kara’. This particle is mainly used to arrange a compound or a complex sentence combining several clauses or sentences. It is used to give a reason in a subjective point of view for an activity or a situation happened. The Japanese language grammar itself will be used further in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 chapter 9 practice B part 5 in page 74. Before answering the questions given In that part, below are the pattern and also the example given to give a further description about the Japanese language grammar usage :

 

Pattern    :

 

Kanji : 文1 から 文2 。。。
Hiragana : ぶん1 から ぶん2 。。。
Romaji : bun 1 kara bun 2 。。。
Meaning : sentence 1 particle kara sentence 2 。。。

 

Below is the example of how to use those sentence’s pattern :

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Japanese Minna no Nihongo Answer Sheet Chapter 18 Section B Part 4 Page 149

Japanese Minna no Nihongo Answer Sheet Chapter 18 Section B Part 4 Page 149

Another article written where the context is about how to solve the problem exist in in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 18 Section B Part 4 in page 149. The Japanese language grammar pattern used is for describing the ability to do something. In this case, it is performed by using ‘koto ga dekimasu’. Below is the pattern and also the example for doing it :

Pattern :

Kanji : 動詞「辞書-形」 こと できます
Hiragana : どうし「じしょ-けい」 こと できます
Romaji : jisho [-kei] こと ga dekimasu
Meaning : verb [-dictionary form] こと particle ga able to…

 

This is an example for using the above Japanese language grammar pattern which is made based on the question and answer pairs in the problem given in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 18 Section B Part 4 in page 149 :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 5 in Page 74

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 5 in Page 74

 

This is an article which is actually another part of series of article written to describe a certain degree of a matter using adverb. In this context,there are several adverbs which can be used to modify or to explain certainlength or degree for certain subject. In terms of Japanese language grammar,it is called fukushi(副詞)or it is called an adverb. It is sometime in several reference, it is called the degree adverb because the main function is to show the certain length or the amount of a certain matter. It is used to solve the problem given in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 chapter 9 practice B part 5 in page 74. The fukushi which is utilized in this article for answering the question given is categorized into two kinds of adverb. There are several types of adverb where one of those are ‘yoku’,’sukoshi’, ‘amari’ and ‘zenzen’ in the context of this article. Each of the adverb has its own rule for them to be used in the sentence.

It is shown as follows :

  1. Adverb with the Positive Verb. The positive verb is actually used in an affirmative Sentence. For an example : yoku, sukoshi.
  2. Adverb with the Negative Verb. For an example : amari, zenzen.

 

Pattern    :

 

Kanji : 。。。 副詞 動詞 。。。
Hiragana : 。。。 ふくし どうし 。。。
Romaji : 。。。 fukushi doushi 。。。
Meaning : 。。。 adverb verb 。。。

 

Below is the example of how to use those adverbs using the above pattern given :

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Japanese Minna no Nihongo Answer Sheet Chapter 18 Section B Part 3 Page 149

Japanese Minna no Nihongo Answer Sheet Chapter 18 Section B Part 3 Page 149

This article is written to answer on how to solve the problem exist in Japanese language grammar pattern to resolve the problem exist in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 18 Section B Part 2 in page 149. It is about expressing the ability of doing something which is described by asking it in form of interrogative sentence and then answer it either in positive or negative tone. The Japanese langauge grammar pattern used for answering using this kind of pattern is ‘ga dekiru’. It is expressing the ability of someone for doing something. Below is the pattern and also the example for doing it :

Pattern :

Kanji : 主語「名詞」 名詞 できます
Hiragana : しゅご「めいし」 めいし できます
Romaji : shugo「meishi」 wa meishi ga dekimasu
Meaning : subject 「noun」 particle wa noun particle ga able to…

 

This is an example      for using the above Japanese language grammar pattern :

Kanji       :

大使館に 外国人登録をすることが できますか。

。。。はい、できます。

。。。いいえ、できません。

Hiragana    :

たいしかんに がいこくじんとうろくすることができますか。

。。。はい、できます。

。。。いいえ、できません。

Romaji            :

Taishikan ni gaikokkujin touroku suru koto ga dekimasuka。

。。。Hai、dekimasu。

。。。Iie、dekimasen。

 

 

Meaning     :

Can (I) do (take) on registration for foreign people at the embassy ?。

。。。Yes、you can。

。。。No、you cannot。

 

 

In the above example given, ‘dekiru’ is the main focus on the usage of Japanese language grammar pattern describing the ability to do something. The ability relates on whether the subject can actually perform registration for foreign people at the embassy. Below are the answers given to answer the question exist in Minna no Nihongo 1 book Chapter 18 Section B Part 3 at page 149 :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 4 in Page 73

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 4 in Page 73

Another article written in this occasion is focusing on the similar topic with the previous one which is asking on the existence of an item which is being asked in the interrogative pronoun. In this article, the problem is given in form of a question and it need to be answered in two possible outcome. It is whether the item exist or not. So, in order to answer the problem given in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 chapter 9 practice B part 4 in page 73, below is the pattern and also the example given :

 

Pattern    :

 

Kanji : 名詞 ありますか
Hiragana : めいし ありますか
Romaji : meishi ga arimasuka
Meaning : noun particle ga is it there ?

 

For an example :

The answer from the above Japanese language grammar pattern can be in positive or negative tone depends on the keyword given attached to the problem given as part of the problem. In this context, the Japanese langauge grammar pattern used is ‘ga arimasuka’ pointing out question about the existence of an item.  Below is the example of the problem with the possible answer given :

 

Kanji :

刑事さんは 拳銃がありますか。

Positive answer   : 。。。はい、あります。

Negative answer   : 。。。いいえ、ありません。

Hiragana    :

けいじさんは けんじゅうがありますか。

Positive answer   : 。。。はい、あります。

Negative answer   : 。。。いいえ、ありません。

Romaji      :

Keiji-san wa kenjyuu ga arimasuka。

Positive answer   : 。。。Hai、arimasu。

Negative answer   : 。。。Iie、arimasen。

Meaning :

Does the detective has a pistol, handgun ?

Positive answer   : 。。。Yes、(the detective) have。

Negative answer   : 。。。No、(the detective) doesn’t have it。

 

Based on the above question, the two possible outcome which is given above servers as an answer where it is a positive answer or a negative answer.

 

Based on the above pattern and example, below is the question and answer exist in Shin Nihongo no Kiso I chapter 9 practice B part 4 based on the above pattern and example. Below are the answers :

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Japanese Minna no Nihongo Answer Sheet Chapter 18 Section B Part 2 Page 149

Japanese Minna no Nihongo Answer Sheet Chapter 18 Section B Part 2 Page 149

This article is written to answer on how to solve the problem exist in Japanese language grammar pattern to resolve the problem exist in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 18 Section B Part 2 in page 149. It is about expressing the ability of doing something which is described by asking it in form of interrogative sentence and then answer it either in positive or negative tone. The Japanese langauge grammar pattern used for answering using this kind of pattern is ‘ga dekiru’. It is expressing the ability of someone for doing something. Below is the pattern and also the example for doing it :

Pattern :

Kanji : 主語「名詞」 名詞 できます
Hiragana : しゅご「めいし」 めいし できます
Romaji : shugo「meishi」 wa meishi ga dekimasu
Meaning : subject 「noun」 particle wa noun particle ga able to…

 

This is an example      for using the above Japanese language grammar pattern :

Kanji       :

車を運転することができますか。

。。。はい、できます。

。。。いいえ、できません。

Hiragana    :

くるまをうんてんすることができますか。

。。。はい、できます。

。。。いいえ、できません。

Romaji            :

Kuruma wo unten suru koto ga dekimasuka。

。。。Hai、dekimasu。

。。。Iie、dekimasen。

 

Meaning     :

Can you drive a car ?。

。。。Yes、I can。

。。。No、I cannot。

 

 

The example is describing a question asking whether or not the other counterpart can drive the car. The answer are also given in two forms which is positive or negative. Below are the answers given to answer the question exist in Minna no Nihongo 1 book Chapter 18 Section B Part 2 at page 149 :

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Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 3 in Page 73

Japanese Language Book Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 Chapter 9 Section B Part 3 in Page 73

This is an article written to answer the problem given in Shin Nihongo no Kiso 1 chapter 9 practice B part 3 in page 73. It consists of several problems where the answers are in the form of conversations. Below is the pattern and also the example given :

 

Pattern    :

 

Kanji : 主語「名詞」 名詞 上手 ですか
Hiragana : しゅご「めいし」 めいし じょうず ですか
Romaji : shugo「meishi」 meishi ga jyouzu desuka
Meaning : subject 「noun」 noun

particle

ga

smart,

good at

suffix -desuka

 

The answer can be in positive or negative tone depends on the keyword given attached to the problem given as part of the problem. Below is the example of the problem with the possible answer given :

 

Kanji :

シュミットさんは 弓道が 上手ですか。

Hiragana    :

シュミットさんは きゅうどうが じょうずですか。

Romaji      :

Shumitto-san wa kyuudou ga jyouzu desuka。

Meaning :

Does Smith good in archery ?.

 

Based on the above question, there is two possible outcome which is given as the answer whether it is a positive answer or a negative answer. So, those two type of answers can be shown in the following :

 

Positive Answer   :

 

Kanji       : はい、上手です。

Hiragana    : はい、じょうずです。

Romaji      : Hai、jyouzu desu.

Meaning     : Yes、He is good.

 

Negative Answer   :

Kanji       : いいえ、上手ではありません。

Hiragana    : いいえ、じょうずではありません。

Romaji      : Iie、jyouzu dewa arimasen.

Meaning     : No、 he is not good (smart).

 

 

Below is the question and answer exist in Shin Nihongo no Kiso I chapter 9 practice B part 3 based on the above pattern and example. Below are the answers :

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