Minna no Nihongo Answer Chapter 8 B2

Posted on

This article will present us how to create a negative sentence using adjective. As we already knew, there are two types of adjectives in Japanese language. The first one is keiyoushi or –i type adjective which is commonly ends with an -i (い) letter. The latter is keiyoudoushi or –na type adjective which is the opposite of the –i type adjective, most of it ends not with an -i (い) letter. Based on the categorization, the modification of the adjective itself into a negative form is different. The question is shown in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 8 section B part 2 in page 67. First of all, we will display an example of converting those adjectives into a negative forms based on its classification :

Pattern :

形容詞・けいようし「keiyoushi . –i type adjective」

Kanji                :。。。     +形容詞                           +     +くないです。

Hiragana        :。。。     +けいようし                     +     +くないです。

Romaji            :。。。     +keiyoushi                    +i        +kunai desu.

Meaning         : 。。。    +is not                             +-i type adjective.

Based on the above pattern, if we want to alter keiyoushi (-i type adjective), we have to omit the last –i (い) letter at the very end of the adjective. After that, for a negative sentence in an informal form, we have to add –kunai desu (くないです). That conjugation form must be added as a suffix to the adjective in order to have a negative form.


Example :

Kanji                      :この方法が古くないです。

Hiragana              :このほうほうがふるくないです。

Romaji                  :kono houhou ga furukunai desu.

Meaning               :this method is not old.


形容動詞・けいようどうし「keiyoudoushi . –na type adjective」

Pattern :

Kanji             :。。。     +形容詞                           +じゃありません。

Hiragana     :。。。     +けいようし                     +じゃありません。

Romaji         :。。。     +keiyoushi                    +jya arimasen.

Meaning      : 。。。    +is not                             +-na type adjective.

Based on the above pattern, if we want to alter keiyoudoushi (-na type adjective), we just have to add –jya arimasen (じゃありません) as a negative form.

Example :

Kanji            : 彼女は人生が幸せじゃありません。

Hiragana    : かのじょはじんせいがしあわせじゃありません。

Romaji        : kanojyo wa jinsei ga shiawase jya arimasen.

Meaning     : she has an unhappy life.


Below are all of the answers of all the questions based on the above pattern by paying attention to the images or pictures presented in the questions. The full questions can be seen in Minna Nihongo book chapter 8 practice B part 2 page 67 :


Kanji                   : イーさんは暇じゃありません。

Hiragana            :イーさんはひまじゃありません。

Romaji               : I- san wa hima jya arimasen.

Meaning           :Lee-san is not free (doesn’t have a leisure time).


Hiragana            :ワンさんのへやはきれいじゃありません。

Romaji               : Wan-san no heya wa kirei jya arimasen。

Meaning           : Wan-san’s room is not tidy.


Kanji                   :ミラーさんは忙しくないです。

Hiragana            :ミラーさんはいそがしくないです。

Romaji               : Mira-san wa isogashiku nai desu.

Meaning           :Mira is not busy.


Kanji                   :日本語は易しくないです。

Hiragana            :にほんごはやさしくないです。

Romaji               : Nihongo wa yasashiku nai desu.

Meaning           :Japanese language is not easy.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.