Japanese Minna no Nihongo Answer Sheet Chapter 4 Practice B Part 6 Page 34

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There are several time marker which can be used to inform the activity done by using sentence. Depends on the time marker stated in the sentence in the articlefrom the articleWithin this article, we learn how to inform an activity based on the time of the activitiy been done. Through chapter 4 page 34 in Minna no Nihongo book, we can express stating on the activities based on the exact time that activities been done or happened. To view the complete question, please buy the original Minna no Nihongo book.

 

過去形(かこけい)Past Tense

Pattern

Past Time Marker + 動詞    (-た形)

Past Time Marker + どうし  (-たけい)

Past Time Marker + Doushi  (-ta kei)

Based on the time marker, if the time marker is in past the verb which is followed or stated in the sentence has to be changed in the past form or in –ta form. Below are the examples of the past time marker :

 

No.

Time Marker

Kanji

Hiragana

Romaji

1.

Last Night

夕べ

ゆうべ

yuube

2.

This Morning

今朝

けさ

Kesa

3.

Yesterday

昨日

きのう

kinou

4.

One Hour Ago

一時間前

いちじかんまえ

ichijikanmae

5.

N- Hour Ago

N – 時間前

N –じかんまえ

*N – jikan mae

 

*Where N can be any kind of number to describe number of hours

6.

Two Days Ago ( A Day before Yesterday )

一昨日

おととい

ototoi

7.

Last Week

先週

せんしゅう

senshuu

8.

Two Weeks Ago ( A Week before Last Week )

先々週

せんせんしゅう

sensenshuu

9.

Three Weeks Ago

三週間前

さんしゅうかんまえ

sanshuukanmae

10.

*N – Weeks Ago

*N – 週間前

*N –しゅうかんまえ

*N – shuukan mae

 

*Where N can be any kind of number to describe number of weeks

11.

Last Month

先月

せんげつ

sengetsu

12.

Two Months Ago ( A Month before Last Month )

先々月

せんせんげつ

sensengetsu

13.

*Three Months Ago

三ヶ月前

さんかげつまえ

sankagetsumae

14.

*N – Months Ago

*N – 月前

*N – げつまえ

*N – getsumae

 

*Where N can be any kind of number to describe number of months

15.

Last Year

去年

きょねん

Kyonen

16.

Two Years Ago ( A Year before Last Year )

一昨年

おととし

Ototoshi

17.

Three Years Ago

三年まえ

さんねんまえ

sannenmae

18.

*N – Years Ago

*N – 年前

*N – ねんまえ

*N – nen mae

 

*Where N can be any kind of number to describe
number of years

 

Example :

漢字 :昨日  + 食べました。

ひらがな:きのう + たべました。

Romaji: Kinou+ tabemashita.

Meaning: Yesterday (I) ate. 

現在形(げんざいけい)Present Tense ・未来形 (みらいけい)Future Tense

Pattern

Present / Future Time Marker+動詞

Present / Future Time Marker+どうし

Based on the time marker, if the time marker is in present or future the verb which is followed or stated in the sentence has to be changed in –masu form to be more polite. Below are the examples of the present or future time marker:

Present Time Marker

No.

Time Marker

Kanji

Hiragana

Romaji

1.

Tonight

今晩

こんばん

Konban

2.

In the morning

あさ

Asa

3.

Today

今日

きょう

Kyou

4.

This Hour

この時間

このじかん

ichijikan mae

5.

This Week

今週

こんしゅう

Konshuu

6.

This Month

今月

こんげつ

Kongetsu

7.

This Year

今年

ことし

Kotoshi

 

Future Time Marker 

No.

Time Marker

Kanji

Hiragana

Romaji

1.

Tomorrow

明日

あした

ashita

2.

One Hour Ahead

一時間後

いちじかんあと

ichijikan
ato

3.

N- Hour Ahead

N – 時間後

N –じかんあと

*N – jikan ato

 

*Where N can be any kind of number to describe number of hours

4.

Two Days Ahead ( A Day After Tomorrow )

明後日

あさって

asatte

5.

Next Week

来週

らいしゅう

raishuu

6.

Two Weeks Ahead ( A Week after Next Week )

再来週

さらいしゅう

saraishuu

7.

Three Weeks Ahead

三日間後

みっかかんあと

mikkagetsu
ato

8.

*N – Weeks Ahead

*N – 週間後

*N –しゅうかんあと

*N – shuukan ato

 

*Where N can be any kind of number to describe number of weeks

9.

Next Month

来月

らいげつ

raigetsu

10.

Two Months Ahead ( A Month after Next Month )

再来月

さらいげつ

saraigetsu

11.

*Three Months Ahead

三ヶ月後

さんかげつあと

sankagetsu ato

12.

*N – Months Ahead

*N – 月後

*N – げつあと

*N – getsu ato

 

*Where N can be any kind of number to describe number of months

13.

Next Year

来年

らいねん

rainen

14.

Two Years Ahead ( A Year after Next Year )

再来年

さらいねん

sarainen

15.

Three Years Ahead

三年後

さんねんあと

sannen ato

16.

*N – Years Ahead

*N – 年後

*N – ねんあと

*N – nen ato

 

*Where N can be any kind of number to describe number of years

 

Example :

漢字 :明日  + 帰ります。

ひらがな:あした + かえります。

Romaji: Ashita+ kaerimasu.

Meaning: Tomorrow (I) come back (home). 

1.   毎日 勉強します。

 

Hiragana: まいにち べんきょうします。

 

Romaji    : Mai nichi benkyoushimasu.

 

Meaning: Every day (I) study.

 

2.  きのうの 晩 働きます。 

 

Hiragana: きのうの ばん はたらきました。

 

RomajiKinou no ban hatarakimashita.

 

Meaning:At Yesterday night I worked.

3.  あさって 勉強します。

 

Hiragana: あさって べんきょうします。

 

RomajiAsatte benkyou shimasu.

 

Meaning:Tomorrow (I) study.

 

4.   おとといは 勉強しました。

 

Hiragana: おとといは べんきょうしました。

 

Romaji: Ototoi wa benkyou shimashita.

 

Meaning: Two days ago (I) study.

 

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