Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Book Chapter 8 Problem Section Part 5

Posted on

Japanese Language Lesson using Minna no Nihongo 1 Book on Chapter 8 Problem Section Part 5 in Page 71

Continuing on the previous Japanese lesson, in Minna no Nihongo 1 book on chapter 8 problem section part 5 in page 71, we will learn on creating a negative sentence using adjective.

As we already knew there are two types of adjective in Japanese language grammar. We will describe those adjectives in detail as follow :

Name Adjective –i type Adjective -na type
Kanji 形容詞「―い 形容詞」 形容動詞 「-な 形容詞」
Hiragana けいようし 「-い けいようし」 けいようどうし 「-な けいようし」
Romaji Keiyoushi [-i keiyoushi] Keiyoudoushi [-na keiyoushi]
Negative Pattern



くない 形容動詞 じゃ ありません



くない けいようどうし じゃ ありません





kunai keiyoudoushi jya arimasen
adjective –i type -i kunai adjective –na type jya arimasen

So, based on the above pattern we have to answer all of the questions provided in Minna no Nihongo book Japanese Lesson in chapter 8 problem section part 5 in page 71.

But before we answer all of the questions provided in the book, first of all we will give an example :

An example using -i type adjective :

Kanji   :



Hiragana          :



Romaji             :

Kyou isogashii desuka.

… iie, isogashikunai desu. hima desu.

Meaning          :

(Are you) busy today ?

… No, (I am) not busy. (I am) free.

The above example we are using -i type adjective in the above example in a negative form.  The -i adjective is ‘isogashii’ which means busy. Beside of that we have to find the antonym of the adjective which is made into a negative form. In this context, we use Japanese language vocabulary ‘hima’ which means ‘free time, spare time, leisure’.

An example using -i type adjective :

Kanji               :


。。。いいえ、( 金持ちじゃありません )。貧乏です。

Hiragana          :


。。。いいえ、( かねもちじゃありません )。びんぼうです。

Romaji             :

Ano hito ga kanemochi desuka.

… iie, (kanemochi jya arimasen) . binbou desu.

Meaning          :

Is that person rich ?

… No, that person is not rich. (that person is) poor.

The second example is about making a -na adjective type into a negative form. The -na adjectivce which we used is ‘kanemochi’ and it can be translated as ‘rich’. The antonym or the opposite meaning of the Japanese language vocabulary is ‘bimbo’ which means ‘poor, poverty’.

But on the question we do not need to find the Japanese language vocabulary which is the antonym of the adjective. By forming the adjective into a negative pattern has already enough. But on some questions they were completed with an additional Japanese language vocabulary which is strengthen the point.

Below are all of the answers of all the questions based on the above short conversation pattern which is given in the questions. The full questions can be seen in Minna Nihongo book chapter 8 problem section 5 page 67 :

1. Answer

Kanji               :

あなたの パソコンは 新しいですか。

。。。いいえ、( 新しくないです )。古いです。

Hiragana          :

あなたの パソコンは あたらしいですか。

。。。いいえ、( あたらしくないです )。 ふるいです。

Romaji             :

Anata no pasokon wa atarashii desuka.

… iie, ( atarashiku nai desu ). Furui desu.

Meaning           :

Is your personal computer new ?

… no, (it is not new) . It is old.


Kanji                   :

イギリスは 今 暑いですか。

。。。いいえ、あまり( 暑くないです )。

Hiragana              :

イギリスは いま あついですか。

。。。いいえ、 あまり (あつくないです )。

Romaji                 :

Igirisu wa ima atsui desuka.

… Iie, amari ( atsuku nai desu ).

Meaning          :

Is England is hot right now ?

… No, it is not to hot.


Kanji                   :

大阪は 静かですか。

。。。いいえ、( 静かじゃ ありません )。とても にぎやかです。

Hiragana              :

おおさかは しずかですか。

。。。いいえ、( しずかじゃ ありません )。とても にぎやかです。

Romaji                 :

Oosaka wa shizuka desuka.

… iie, ( shizuka jya arimasen ) . totemo nigiyaka desu.

Meaning             :

Is Oosaka quiet (peaceful ) ?

… No, (Oosaka) is not quiet (peaceful). It is very lively.


Kanji               :

この 手帳は 便利ですか。

。。。いいえ、あまり ( 便利じゃ ありません )。

Hiragana          :

この てちょうは べんりですか。

。。。いいえ、あまり ( べんりじゃ ありません )。

Romaji             :

Kono techou wa benri desuka.

… Iie, amari ( benri jya arimasen ).

Meaning          :

Is this pocket diary useful (convenient, handy)?

… No, it is not too useful (convenient, handy).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.