Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Section B Part 1
In this article, there is a Japanese grammar pattern ‘ga imasu’ which is used to elaborate or to inform the existence of a certain subject including non-living thing or human being. By using the Japanese grammar pattern given based on the example presented in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Section B Part 1 in page 83 along with the image attached for each question, giving the correct answer can be made in various forms of sentence.
The answer can be vary depends on the interpretation of the image and also the point of view of the one answer the question. The point of view is involving the selection subject which is going to be chosen in order to inform its existence.
For an example, if there is a vase in the image and it is going to be informed that the vase itself is inside a room, the sentence created will be very different if the item selected is other than the vase.
Before answering the question, below is the pattern to show the existence of a subject in certain place or location :
|Romaji||:||meishi 「ばしょ」||＋||ni||＋||meishi||＋||ga||imasu ・arimasu|
|Meaning||:||noun 「ばしょ」||＋||particle ni||＋||noun||＋||particle ga||imasu ・arimasu|
For an example :
|Romaji||:||Kono ike ni sakana ga takusan imasu.|
|Meaning||:||There are a lots of fish in this pond.|
The above example is using the combination of a demonstrative pronoun with a place or location. The demonstrative pronoun ‘kono’ is used to point out a place named ‘ike’ which is translated as ‘pond’. The pond which is being discussed based on the demonstrative pronoun used is located near to the speaker and also listener. And in this context, the particle used to describe the existence of the subject is ‘ga imasu’ since the subject is a living thing which is a fish.
Another example where the place or location is actually can be replaced with an demonstrative pronoun as shown below :
|Romaji||:||Asoko ni suteki na shokudou ga arimasu.|
|Meaning||:||There is a great dine place over there.|
The above sample is using ‘asoko’ which is one of demonstrative pronoun used to point out a place which is far from the speaker and the listener. In this example, to describe the existence, it is used ‘ga arimasu’ because the subject which is explained is a non-living thing which is a ‘shokudou’ or a dine place.
Below are the answers given to answer the question exist in Minna no Nihongo 1 book Chapter 10 Section B Part 1 at page 83.
Kanji : レストランに 山田さんが います。
Hiragana : レストランに やまださんが います。
Romaji : Resutoran ni Yamada-san ga imasu.
Meaning : There is Yamada in the restaurant.
Kanji : 事務所に ファックスが います。
Hiragana : じむしょに ファックスが います。
Romaji : Jimusho ni fakkusu ga imasu.
Meaning : There is a fax machine (facsimile) in the office.
Kanji : ロビーに 受付が います。
Hiragana : ロビーに うけつけが います。
Romaji : Robi- ni uketsu ga imasu 。
Meaning : There is a receptionist in the lobby。
Kanji : 噴水が 公園に あります。
Hiragana : ふんすいが こうえんに あります。
Romaji : Funsui ga kouen ni arimasu.
Meaning : There is a water fountain in the park.
The full question which consists of several numbers can be seen completely in Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Section B Part 1 on page 83.