Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 6

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Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 6

In this article, there are question given in form of sentences with empty brackets in it. The answers are also has been provided along with the questions. With the correct answer, it is necessary to choose it and then to fill it in the empty bracket which is part of the sentence. The answers itself are combination of interrogative pronoun and a particle which is chosen depends on the context of the question.

 

All the questions alongside with the option answers are presented in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Additional Section Part 6 in page 87. Below are the answers given to answer the question exist in Minna no Nihongo 1 book Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 5 at page 85.

1.Answer

Kanji       :

そこに(何が)ありますか。 。。。かぎが あります。

Hiragana    :

そこに(なにが)ありますか。 。。。かぎが あります。

Romaji            :

Soko ni (nani ga) arimasuka。 。。。kagi ga arimasu。

Meaning     :

What is (exist・available) there ? 。 。。。There is a key。

The answer is ‘nani ga’. It is a suitable interrogative pronoun combined with particle ga to ask the existence of an item or asking for an assumed existence of non-living thing.

2.Answer

Kanji       :

庭に(だれが)いますか。 。。。(だれも)いません。

Hiragana    :

にわに(だれが)いますか。 。。。(だれも)いません。

Romaji            :

Niwa ni (dare ga) imasuka。 。。。(dare mo)imasen。

Meaning     :

Who is in the yard (garden) ?。。。。There is no one。

The correct answer in this question consists of two answers. The first one is ‘dare ga’ which is the perfect interrogative pronoun ‘dare’ combined with particle ‘ga’. It is used to ask the existence of a person or someone exist.

The next answer for this question is ‘dare mo’ which is the perfect answer to show that no one exist. Since it is the combination of interrogative pronoun ‘dare’ with particle ‘mo’ where the particle itself is used to express total negativity. It is not an interrogative sentence but a negative one since in this context, particle mo must be followed with a negative verb.

3. Answer

Kanji       :

店で (何を) 買いましたか。 。。。(何も)買いませんでした。

Hiragana    :

みせで (なにを) かいましたか。 。。。(なにも)かいませんでした。

Romaji            :

Mise de (nani wo)kaimashita。 。。。(nani mo)kaimasen deshita。

Meaning     :

(What) did you buy at the store ?。 。。。I didn’t buy anything。

The answer in this question is ‘nani wo’ which is used to ask something which is bought. The next answer is ‘nani mo’ where it is used to express that nothing is bought anyway.

4.Answer

Kanji       :

ミラーさんは あした(どこへ)行きますか。 。。。(どこも)も行きません。

Hiragana    :

ミラーさんは あした(どこへ)行きますか。 。。。(どこも)も行きません。

Romaji            :

Mira-san wa ashita (doko e)ikimasuka。 。。。(doko mo) ikimasen。

Meaning     :

Where is Miller going to go tomorrow ?。 。。。(He) doesn ‘t go anywhere。

Another similar pattern with the second and third question. But the context in this question is asking about the location or place where someone is going to go using the combination of interrogative pronoun ‘doko’ and particle ‘e’. The next answer in this question is also displaying the same answer pattern using ‘doko mo’to express that no place at all is being visited.

5. Answer

Kanji       :

公園(に)だれ(も)いません。

Hiragana    :

こうえん(に)だれ(も)いません。

Romaji            :

Kouen (ni) dare (mo) imasen。

Meaning     :

There is no one in the park。

The answer is using particle ‘ni’to indicate a place or a location. And the second answer in this question is using particle mo to indicate total negativity so that it must be followed with negative verb. Indicating no one at all at the park.

5. Answer

Kanji       :

事務所に ファクス(や)パソコンなど(が)あります。

Hiragana    :

じむしょに ファクス(や)パソコンなど(が)あります。

Romaji            :

Jimusho ni fakusu (ya) pasokon nado (ga) arimasu。

Meaning     :

There is a fax, personal computer among them in the office。

In the last question, the answer is using particle ‘ya’ which is used in this context to enumerate several items or things in sequence list. The items mentioned is things exist in the office.

All the questions which are sentences with empty brackets to be filled is available in Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 6 on page 87.

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