Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 4
This is an article made to discuss several questions given in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Additional Section Part 4 in page 85. In this section, the ability to use clauses relate to the existence, non-existence even asking about the existence of a subject which is being discussed is tested in this part.
The clause ‘ga arimasu’ or ‘ga imasu’ which can be converted in a negative form or an interrogative form is used as the answer for the question given in this part. By filling the empty bracket which is part of the sentence given as the question in this part with one of those clauses’form based on the tone of the sentence, it is important to choose the right one. Below is an example of how to use it which is pretty similar with the one used in the question given in this part.
Sentence’s example using ‘arimasu’ :
Romaji :soko no uriba de midori kaban ga arimasu。
Meaning :there is a green bag at that counter。
In the above example, the clause ‘ga arimasu’ is used to inform the existence of a subject which is a non-living thing. It is a green bag in a counter sale.
Sentence’s example using ‘imasu’ :
Romaji :kyou wa zangyou shite kara jimusho de watashi to hoka no sannin ga imasu。
Meaning :today, because of working overtime I and the other three person is in the office.
In the above example, the clause ‘ga imasu’has the function for showing the existence of living being. It is where the speaker and other three of the speaker’s co-worker exist in the office.
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