Japanese Language Grammar using Particle Ni to Describe Indirect Object

Japanese Language Grammar Series

Using Particle ‘ni’ to indicate an indirect object in a sentence.

There are lots of functions using particle ‘ni’ and in this article, another function which can be used by exercising particle ‘ni’ in a sentence is shown below :

Translation                                          :

1. someone + doing verb + to + indirect object
2. any other translations which is used to describe an indirect object of a given sentence from someone doing something or certain activity .

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Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 6

Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 6

In this article, there are question given in form of sentences with empty brackets in it. The answers are also has been provided along with the questions. With the correct answer, it is necessary to choose it and then to fill it in the empty bracket which is part of the sentence. The answers itself are combination of interrogative pronoun and a particle which is chosen depends on the context of the question.

 

All the questions alongside with the option answers are presented in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Additional Section Part 6 in page 87. Below are the answers given to answer the question exist in Minna no Nihongo 1 book Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 5 at page 85.

1.Answer

Kanji       :

そこに(何が)ありますか。 。。。かぎが あります。

Hiragana    :

そこに(なにが)ありますか。 。。。かぎが あります。

Romaji            :

Soko ni (nani ga) arimasuka。 。。。kagi ga arimasu。

Meaning     :

What is (exist・available) there ? 。 。。。There is a key。

The answer is ‘nani ga’. It is a suitable interrogative pronoun combined with particle ga to ask the existence of an item or asking for an assumed existence of non-living thing.

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Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 5

Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 5 

Another article which is created for testing the understanding of Japanese language grammar concern which is using the right particle to be filled in the empty brackets of sentences given as questions in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Additional Section Part 5 in page 87. Below are the answers given to answer the question exist in Minna no Nihongo 1 book Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 5 at page 85.

 

1.Answer

Kanji       :

消しゴムは かばんの 中(に)あります。

Hiragana    :

けしゴムは かばんの なか(に)あります。

Romaji            :

Keshigomu wa   kaban no naka (ni) arimasu。

Meaning     :

The eraser is inside the bag。

In this question, the particle used as an answer is particle ni. It is a particle used to indicate a place or a location which in this context is inside the bag.

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Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 4

Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Additional Section Part 4 

This is an article made to discuss several questions given in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Additional Section Part 4 in page 85. In this section, the ability to use clauses relate to the existence, non-existence even asking about the existence of a subject which is being discussed is tested in this part.

The clause ‘ga arimasu’ or ‘ga imasu’ which can be converted in a negative form or an interrogative form is used as the answer for the question given in this part. By filling the empty bracket which is part of the sentence given as the question in this part with one of those clauses’form based on the tone of the sentence, it is important to choose the right one. Below is an example of how to use it which is pretty similar with the one used in the question given in this part.

 

Sentence’s example using ‘arimasu’ :

Kanji       :そこの売り場で緑鞄があります。

Hiragana    :そこのうりばでみどりかばんがあります。

Romaji            :soko no uriba de midori kaban ga arimasu。

Meaning     :there is a green bag at that counter。

In the above example, the clause ‘ga arimasu’ is used to inform the existence of a subject which is a non-living thing. It is a green bag in a counter sale.

 

Sentence’s example using ‘imasu’ : 

Kanji       :今日は残業のしてから事務所で私とほかの三人がいます。

Hiragana    :きょうはざんぎょうしてからじむしょでわたしとほかのさんにんがいます。

Romaji            :kyou wa zangyou shite kara jimusho de watashi to hoka no sannin ga imasu。

Meaning    :today, because of working overtime I and the other three person is in the office.

In the above example, the clause ‘ga imasu’has the function for showing the existence of living being. It is where the speaker and other three of the speaker’s co-worker exist in the office.

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Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Section C Part 3

Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Section C Part 3

As shown in the other article before, this article is also used to discuss the location or position of an item which is form in a conversation. In the conversation, there is a question made to ask the existence of a certain place using ‘ga arimasu’ as the clause used in Japanese language grammar pattern. More over, if it exists, the next question is asking the exact location of the place itself. The question given is in the form of vocabularies given along with an image which is shown in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Section C Part 3 in page 85.

The position of that certain place asked is relative to another place which is shown in the image as the base location. Its position will be stated using the right preposition which is using the other place as the base location.

To make it clear, an example is given to answer the question which is also similar with the example given in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Section C Part 3 85 is shown below :

Kanji       :

A     : あのう、近くに ヘリポートが ありますか。

B     : ええ。あそこに 高い ビルが ありますね。あの 上です。

A     : わかりました。どうも。

Hiragana    :

A     : あのう、ちかくに ヘリポートが ありますか。

B     : ええ。あそこに たかい ビルが ありますね。あの うえです。

A     : わかりました。どうも。

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Japanese Language Test JLPT 2000 Question Sheet 4kyuu Moji Goi 1

Japanese Language Test JLPT 2000 Question Sheet 4kyuu Moji Goi 1

問題用紙

2000 4級

文字・語彙

日本語能力試験

問題I_____ひらがなで どうかきますか。1234からいちばんいいものをひとつえらびない。

Part I How to read the underlined part. Please choose one best answer from 1 2 3 4

1.はこの三万円のとけいがあります。

1.中           1.うえ 2.そと  3.なか  4.よこ

2.三万円             1.さんまんねん 2.さんまんえん 3.さんぜんねん 4.さんぜんえん

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Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Section C Part 2

Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Section C Part 2

Another article used to discuss the location or position of an item. The item itself is located relatively with another item. The item which is used as a base location in this context of article is a shelf or a rack. The shelf or rack which is being used as a base location in this article’s context, it is important for answering question located in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Section C Part 2 in page 85.

The shelf or rack itself consists of several rows from the highest to the lowest one. And the image depicting the shelf or the rack itself is shown in that part. Alongside with several vocabularies, it is needed to create an answer in the form of certain conversation shown as an example which is also presented in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Section C Part 2 in page 85.

For the sake of presenting example which is quite similar with the conversation pattern as an example in in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Section C Part 1 in page 85 is shown below :

 

Kanji

A     : すみません。爪切りは ありませんか。

B     : 爪切りですか。一番 上の 棚です。

A     :どうも。

 

Hiragana

A     : すみません。つめきりは ありませんか。

B     : つめきりですか。いちばん うえの たなです。

A     :どうも。

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Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Section C Part 1

Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Section C Part 1

This is an article used to discuss one of the Japanese grammar concern is the usage of particle ni. The particle ni in Japanese grammar context has several functions in a sentence. One of the function is to indicate a place or a location where the subject exist or the existence of a subject or matter. Several vocabularies in the question displayed in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Section C Part 1 in page 85, and it must be answered in the form of the conversation pattern shown as an example which is also presented in that part.

The conversation pattern is shown below for an example to answer the questions in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Section C Part 1 in page 85 :

 

Kanji

A     : すみません。ミラーさんは いますか。

B     : いいえ。博物館へ行きました。

A     : そうですか。どうも。

 

Hiragana

A     : すみません。ミラーさんは いますか。

B     : いいえ。はくぶつかんへいきました。

A     : そうですか。どうも。

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Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Section B Part 5

Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Section B Part 5

The article in this context is also about locating the place where the existence of the place itself is relative to the other place.  Given the image with several pieces of vocabulary in the question displayed in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Section B Part 5 in page 84, it must be answered with the same pattern shown.

The correct preposition chosen to be used in the sentence created as answer based on the example depends on the image attached. Since the vocabularies given contains specific places or locations which is questioned their whereabouts based on the image given, an appropriate preposition is also a must to describe their position correctly.

Several example for answering the question can be seen in the Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Section B Part 5 in page 84. Below are the answers given to answer the question exist in Minna no Nihongo 1 book Chapter 10 Section B Part 5 at page 84.

1.Answer

Kanji       :

ポストは どこに ありますか。

。。。銀行の となりに あります。

Hiragana    :

ポストは どこに ありますか。

。。。ぎんこうの となりに あります。

Romaji            :

Posuto wa doko ni arimasuka.

… ginkou no tonari ni arimasu.

Meaning     :

Where is the post station ?。

… It is located besides the bank.

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Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Section B Part 4

Japanese Language Lesson Minna no Nihongo 1 Chapter 10 Section B Part 4

In this article, using the right preposition in creating a sentence for answering the question is also being tested through the question displayed in Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Section B Part 4 in page 84. The question consists of vocabularies given along with the images to answer the question correctly. Several images is presented depicting an object which is located in a certain place or location which can be viewed relative to another object. Based on the relativity of a subject’s location compared to the other subject, answer in form of a sentence can be made.

Several example for answering the question can be seen in the Minna no Nihongo 1 book chapter 10 Section B Part 4 in page 84. Below are the answers given to answer the question exist in Minna no Nihongo 1 book Chapter 10 Section B Part 4 at page 84.

1.Answer

Kanji       :

男の子は どこに いますか。

。。。ドアの 後ろに います。

Hiragana    :

おとこのこは どこに いますか。

。。。ドアの うしろに います。

Romaji            :

Otoko no ko wa doko ni imasuka。

… doa no ushiro ni imasu.

Meaning     :

Where is the boy ?。

。。。He is behind the door。

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