Japanese Language Test JLPT 1999 Answer Sheet 4kyuu Dokkai Bunpou 2

問題用紙

1999 4級

読解・文法

日本語能力試験

問題II_____のところになにをいれますか。1234からいちばんいいものをひとつえらびなさい

Part II What should be inserted in the underlined part. Please choose one best answer from the option’s answer 1 2 3 4.

1.おんがくを___ながら おちゃを のみます。

Romaji     :ongaku wo (kiki) nagara ocha wo nomimasu.

Meaning    :I drink tea while listening to song.

Answer     :

1.聞く 2.聞き 3.聞いて 4.聞きます

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Japanese Language Grammar Pattern using toki 「とき」to express time

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern using toki 「とき」to express time

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern using toki 「とき」to express time

This is an article relates with the Japanese language grammar pattern using particle ‘toki’「とき」. As the title informs, it is used to express certain time to mark an activity or an event. Apart from defining the time using a specific time measurement such an hour, minutes or seconds it stress on the acvity or event in this context. The translation of the grammar pattern is shown below :

1. To express time of an event or an activity
2. At the time of …(an event or an activity occurred)
3. When the time of …(an event or an activity happened)
4. Any kind of translations which is pointing out the time of an event or an activity starts or ends.

This Japanese language grammar pattern using particle toki (とき) specifically used to indicate time of something including event or activity。 Furthermore, the purpose of using this grammar pattern is solely to stress the time of an activity or an event occurred. Below is the pattern :

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Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –te iru 「-ている」 expressing result of a state

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern

–te iru 「-ている」 expressing result of a state

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –te iru 「-ている」 expressing result of a state

This is also a grammar session’s article which is used as part of the discussion on Japanese language grammar pattern using –te iru (-ている) pattern. The other part can be seen in the article titled ‘Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –te iru 「-ている」 expressing ongoing action‘.  Below is the overall translations using the grammar pattern :

Translation :

1. ongoing action
2. repetitive action
3. result of a state

In this article, the translation which is going to be used and discussed further is by giving the example and also the pattern for the translation which is expressing ‘result of a state’.

The Japanese language grammar pattern :

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Japanese Language Grammar Pattern conecting –i keiyoushi with another word

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern conecting

–i keiyoushi (-i type adjective) 「-い形容詞」 with another word

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern conecting –i keiyoushi with another word

Currently on this article which is in the grammar section, Japanese language grammar pattern which is going to be discussed is the usage of –i type adjective in a sentence while connecting it with another word using the addition of –kute as a connector. It is a rule in Japanese language grammar to the –i type adjective so that it can be appended with another word for an example another adjective to add more information about the subject, item which is being stated through a full sentence.

Below is the pattern :

Kanji : 。。。 形容詞() くて 。。。
Hiragana : 。。。 けいようし() くて 。。。
Romaji : 。。。 keiyoushi (i) kute 。。。
Meaning : 。。。 -i type adjective kute 。。。

The example using the above pattern can be shown below :

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Japanese Language Grammar Pattern Modify Noun using Verb as Noun Modifier

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern Modify Noun using Verb as Noun Modifier

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern Modify Noun using Verb as Noun Modifier

In this article, the Japanese language grammar which is going to be discussed as a focus is noun modifier. The modifier used to modify the noun is in form of a verb.

Below is the pattern :

Kanji : 。。。 動詞 名詞 。。。
Hiragana : 。。。 どうし めいし 。。。
Romaji : 。。。 doushi meishi 。。。
Meaning : 。。。 verb noun 。。。

The pattern above can be shown in the following example of a noun clause which is actually made from the combination of verb as a describer or modifier and noun acts as the one which is being described or modified :

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Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –na keiyoushi with particle de

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern

–na keiyoushi 「-な 形容詞」 + particle de 「-で」

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –na keiyoushi + particle de

This Japanese language grammar pattern is used whenever there is a need to create sentence consist of several adjective which is going to be connected with one another. Usually it is used to describe a certain subject, item or a specific matter with several adjectives. So, to describe it with several adjectives which is not contradict one to another, it is the perfect Japanese language grammar pattern.

Below is the pattern :

Kanji : 。。。 形容動詞 。。。
Hiragana : 。。。 けいようどうし 。。。
Romaji : 。。。 keiyoudoushi de 。。。
Meaning : 。。。 -i type adjective particle de 。。。

The example of the given pattern above can be shown in form of a sentence shown below :

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Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –na keiyoushi ni naru

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern

–na keiyoushi 「-な形容詞」 ni naru「になる」

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –na keiyoushi + ni naru

In this context, the article is made to discuss Japanese language grammar using –na keiyoushi or keiyoudoushi which is known as –na type adjective combined with particle ni followed with verb naru. Below is the translation of the grammar pattern which is going to be discussed :

Translation :

1. to become, becoming as described in the adjective
2. expressing the change which is described in the adjective
3. any description which is expressing the change or the result of a state as described in the adjective

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Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –te iru 「-ている」 expressing ongoing action

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern

–te iru 「-ている」 expressing ongoing action

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern –te iru 「-ている」

In this grammar session’s article, the discussion on Japanese language grammar pattern in this article is –te iru (-ている). There are several translation for this Japanese language grammar pattern which is shown below :

Translation :

1. ongoing action
2. repetitive action
3. result of a state

But on this article, the translation which is going to be discussed and given the example for the translation is expressing ‘ongoing action’. Whenever is needed to express an activity or an action which is currently being done or have already been done but it is progressing or it is still happening, this grammar pattern is a perfect choice to be used.

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Japanese Language Grammar Pattern using Interrogative Pronoun with Particle mo

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern using Interrogative Pronoun with Particle mo 「-も」

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern using Interrogative Pronoun with Particle mo 「-も」

In this article containing Japanese language grammar pattern, it discuss certain pattern using the combination of interrogative pronoun with particle mo (も). It results with verb following Japanese language grammar pattern must be changed into a negative form. But in this context, not every interrogative pronoun in this Japanese language grammar pattern can be used in order to perform this pattern.

Translation             :

1. no one (dare mo imasen)
2. nothing (nani mo arimasen)
3. not doing anything (nani mo shimasen)
4. any other translations which is describing the negativity depends on the interrogative pronoun and the verb used.

Below is the pattern which is intended :

Kanji : + 疑問代名詞 + + 動詞「否定形」
Hiragana : + ぎもんだいめいし + + どうし「ひていけい」
Romaji : + gimon daimeishi + mo + doushi [hitei kei]
Meaning : + interrogative pronoun + particle mo + verb [negative form]

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Japanese Language Grammar Pattern kara 「から」

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern kara 「から」

Japanese Language Grammar Pattern -kara

Japanese Grammar Pattern   :

Kanji : 。。。*「理由・原因」 から
Hiragana : 。。。*「りゆう・げんいん」 から
Romaji : 。。。*「riyuu ・genin」 kara
Meaning : 。。。*「reason・cause」 because of

The above grammar pattern is showing the usage of particle kara. The particle itself used ending a sentence which the sentence itself describing about the reason or the cause of something which has been done or something which is actually occurred.

The * sign is actually in form of a sentence expressing cause or reason to be used with particle kara. Below is the general translation of Japanese grammar pattern –kara :

Translation                              :

1. because of + do + verb
2. seldom + do + verb
3. not to much + do + verb
3. any other translations which is describing the intensity, degree, or periodic of almost never doing an activity or an event happened.

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